Brahma is the god, first represented in the Hindu
Triad. He is the creator of the universe and all living beings are said
to have evolved from him.
Brahma is considered having four heads with white beard and four arms.
His hands hold a kamandal, a rosary, a sacrificial ladle and the Vedas.
Brahma is sometimes depicted as sitting on a lotus. The four Vedas are
said to have originated from his head. The four castes are also believed
to have originated from Brahma. The Brahmin's from his head, the Kshatriyas
from his arms, the Vaishyas from his thighs, and the Shudras from his
Brahma's one day is called a kalp, the creation of Brahma is called
vikalp and the creation of the total creation is called mahakalp.
Skanda Purana, Brahma's thirty days are mentioned :
Sveta Varaha Kalp
day of Brahma is a duration of one thousand divya yugas. A divya yug
comprises of one thousand of the four yugas. The same duration comprises
the beginning Brahma created the four Kumars; Sanaka, Sananda, Sanatana
and Sanat Kumar.
asked his four sons to generate progeny. The Kumars declined so, Brahma
created his 10 mind born sons.
mind born sons are the seers Mareeci, Atri, Angiras, Pulastya, Pulah,
Kratu, Pracetas known as Daksh, Vashisht, Bhrgu and Naarad.
Brahma's body came his nine sons Daksa, Dharma, Kama, Anger, Greed,
Delusion (Maya), Lust, Joy, Death and Bharat and one daughter called
accounts also say that Agni is the first son of Brahma. Agni was married
to Swaha and has three sons Pavak, Pavaman and Suchi. Swadha was his
second wife. Both his wives are invoked while pouring oblations in the
fire or making offerings in Yagna and other religious rituals.
created 10 Prajapatis, who are believed to be the fathers of the human
race. Their names, according to the Manusmriti are Marichi, Atri, Angiras,
Pulastya, Pulah, Kratu, Vasishth, Daksh, Bhrigu, and Narad. These Prajapatis
are believed to be born from the mind of Brahma. He is also believed
to have created the Saptarishi or seven great sages to help him create
The world is said to exist for one kalp or one day in the life of Brahma.
At the end of a kalp the whole world is destroyed. Brahma is then believed
to go to sleep for one night which is as long as a kalp. When he awakens
he recreates the world. This process (pralaya) is repeated for 100 years
of Brahma which is the life span of one Brahma. Then everything dissolves
into its constituent elements. This whole process is repeated unendingly.
Brahma's abode is known as Brahmalok, which is said to contain all the
splendors of earth and of the heavens of the other gods. His vehicle
or vahana is a white swan or goose which has magical abilities. The
swan or goose can separate soma and milk from water. Therefore this
bird is also a symbol of sifting good from evil. Unlike other deities
Brahma does not have a weapon. Being the lord of sacrifices he is identified
with a scepter in the form of a spoon.
His consort is Sarasvati the goddess of wisdom and science, the mother
of the Vedas, and the inventor of the Devanagari script. She is represented
as a fair woman with four arms, dressed in white and seated on a white
lotus. As goddess of the arts she is shown playing or holding a veena.
In one of her right hands she holds a book of palm leaves and in the
other a lotus. In her left hand she has a string of pearls and a damaru.