word Chakra is a Sanskrit word, meaning "wheel" or "disc".
In the ancient yoga systems of India, the word Chakra described a spinning
vortex of energy in the subtle body. Although, generally it is believed
that there are seven Chakras, according to Kundalini meditation and
Aghori theory, there are nine Chakras.
nine Chakras are arranged vertically along the spine and abundant energy
pathways or channels are present, called Nadis (from the term nad which
means a hollow stalk) that intersect at these Chakras.
are a total of 72000 Nadis or subtle channels of energy coming out from
the spinal cord. The main Nadis among them are the Surya Nadi, Chandra
Nadi, Ida, Pingala and the Susushmna. The Ida Nadi runs adjoining to
the left side of the spinal cord and the Pingala Nadi runs close to
the right side of it. The third major Nadi is the Sushumna flows inside
the central canal of the spinal cord. The Chakras are sometimes referred
to as lotuses, since they open and close like a flower, and in the yogic
system they are represented with varied number of petals, ranging from
four at the base Chakra to 1000 at the crown. They can be stimulating
and awakened by yogic practices like asanas (yoga postures), breathing,
and meditation. When motivated, they create latent forces, which awaken
the power to triumph over disease, decay and finally, according to the
ancient yogis, death as well.
seven upper chakras, from lowest to highest :-
• Base Chakra / Mooladhara chakra (base of spine): memory,
time and space;
• Sacral Chakra / Svadhishthana chakra (below navel): reason;
• Solar plexus / Manipura chakra (solar plexus): willpower;
• Heart Chakra / anahata chakra (heart center): direct cognition;
• Throat Chakra / Vishuddha chakra (throat): divine love;
• minds eye / ajna chakra (third eye): divine sight;
• crown chakra / Sahasrara chakra (crown of head): illumination,
seven lower chakras, from highest to lowest :-
• atala chakra (hips): fear and lust;
• vitala chakra (thighs): raging anger;
• sutala chakra (knees): retaliatory jealousy;
• talatala chakra (calves): prolonged mental confusion;
• rasatala chakra (ankles): selfishness;
• mahatala chakra (feet): absence of conscience;
• Patal chakra (located in the soles of the feet): murder and
The Mooladhara Chakra :-
The Mooladhara is the first primary chakra according to Hindu
and Yoga tradition. The Mooladhara Chakra is the seat of the coiled
Kundalini, the vital Shakti, or Female energy force. This foundation
chakra is the root of all growth and awareness of the divinity of man.
Mooladhara is positioned just below the tip of the tailbone, just above
known as the root chakra it is associated with Physical identity, oriented
to self-preservation. This chakra forms our foundation. It represents
the element earth, and is therefore related to our survival instincts,
and to our sense of grounding and connection to our bodies and the physical
plane. Ideally this chakra brings us health, prosperity, security, and
dynamic presence. Mooladhara is the chakra that draws down spiritual
energy, causing it to assume a physical existence.
is the base from which the 3 main psychic channels or nadis- ida, pingala
and Sushumna, emerge. Within this chakra resides/sleeps the Kundalini
Shakti, the great spiritual potential, waiting to be aroused and brought
back up to the source from which it originated, Brahman.
associated with this chakra are red, yellow, and golden. It could be
considered the bliss centre for physical body.
Svadhishthana chakra :-
This is the second chakra, also called the Jupiter Chakra or
Sacral Chakra. It is located on the spine near the genitals. It is the
center of sexuality, passion, and the creation of life.
Chakra is located within the Sushumna Nadi at the root of the reproductory
organ. This corresponds to Bhuvar Loka. This has control over the lower
abdomen, kidneys, etc., in the physical body. The Jala Mandal or the
region of water-Apa Tattva resides in this chakra. Within this Chakra
there is a space like a crescent moon or the form of a conch or Kunda
flower. The presiding deity of this chakra is Lord Brahma and Devata
is Goddess Rakini. The colour of the Chakra is pure blood-like red or
the colour of Sindura (vermilion). From this centre six Yoga Nadis emanate,
which appear like the petals of a lotus.
who concentrates at this Chakra and meditates on the Devata has no fear
of water. He has perfect control over the water element. He gets many
psychic powers, intuitional knowledge and a perfect control over his
senses. He has full knowledge of the astral entities. Kama, Krodha,
Lobha, Moha, Mada, Matsarya and other impure qualities are completely
annihilated. The Yogi becomes the conqueror of death (Mrityunjaya).
Manipura Chakra :-
The third chakra is the Manipura chakra or Nabhi. It means
Lusterous Gem or "the city of jewels" in Sanskrit. According
to Hindu tradition it is positioned at the naval region. It has ten
petals, which match the vrittis of spiritual ignorance, thirst, jealousy,
treachery, shame, fear, disgust, delusion, foolishness and sadness.
This Chakra is yellow in color.
chakra plays an important role both in the physical and spiritual realm.
It functions as an Auric energy generator. It`s function is Will and
Power. The verb associated with the 3rd chakra is "I can".
The Shakti in this chakra is Lakshmi Ma. Lakshmi Ma is the goddess of
spiritual prosperity. Manipura chakra has ten major nadis, functioning
at different levels to help the Sadhaka to achieve his or her goals.
These nadis have dual role to play, one on the physical level and the
other at the psychic and spiritual level.
the chakra is activated, it provides many psychic powers like the Knowledge
of subtle energies, and eradication of phobias like the fear of fire,
it evokes the knowledge of the cosmic plane, and the power to understand
the physical problems of others, provides knowledge of stars and the
world beyond, and also balanced inner elements, such as Water, Earth
and Fire, it acts as a Healing touch, and knowledge of the body and
provides the power to control hunger and thirst.
Anahata Chakra :-
Anahata or the Heart Chakra is the fourth primary chakra according
to the Hindu and the Tantric traditions. The word anahata, in Sanskrit,
means unhurt, un-struck and unbeaten. Anahata Nad refers to the Vedic
concept of unstruck sound, the sound of the celestial realm. The function
of this chakra is Love. It`s element is Air.
at the heart region, this chakra is represented as a green flower with
twelve petals of red or white hue, while the central part is a smoky
color, which match the vrittis of lust, fraud, indecision, repentance,
hope, anxiety, longing, impartiality, arrogance, incompetence, discrimination
fourth centre, the anahata, is very significant, because it is in the
heart that for the first time you were related to your mother. It was
through the heart that you were related to your mother, not through
the head. In deep love, in deep orgasm, again you are related through
the heart, not through the head. In meditation, in prayer, the same
happens: you are related with existence through the heart - heart-to-heart.
Kundalini yoga, anahata is awoken and balanced through practices including
asanas, pranayama, and the practice of Ajapa Japa or repetition of a
Social identity, oriented to self-acceptance, this chakra is called
the heart chakra and is the middle chakra in a system of seven. It is
related to love and is the integrator of opposites in the psyche: mind
and body, male and female, persona and shadow, ego and unity. A healthy
fourth chakra allows us to love deeply, feel compassion, and have a
deep sense of peace and centeredness - our heart and our love.
Vishuddha Chakra :-
The Yantra of Vishuddha Chakra is a silver crescent within
a white circle shining as a full moon surrounded by sixteen petals.
The silver crescent is the symbol of nada, pure cosmic sound. The crescent
is symbolic of purity, and purification is a vital aspect of Vishuddha
known as the Vishuddhi, it is the fifth primary chakra according to
Hindu tradition. Vishuddha is positioned at the neck region and it has
sixteen petals. It is associated with the faculty of higher discrimination,
between choosing what is right and wrong, and it is associated with
creativity and self-expression. It is known as the `poison and nectar`
centre, closely related to the Bindu chakra. The secret of immortality
is said to reside there. When Vishuddha is closed, we undergo decay
and death. When it is open, negative experience is transformed into
wisdom and learning. In Kundalini yoga, Vishuddha can be opened and
balanced through practices including asanas, pranayama and various mudraas.
the psychic level, Vishuddha governs expression, inspiration in speech
eloquence and perception of archetypal models. On a physical level,
it controls the activity of the vocal cords, of the hearings, of the
pharynx. This chakra is the symbol of sound, dreams and purity.
effects of meditating on this chakra are: calmness, serenity, pleasant
voice, awakening of the artistic inspiration, capacity to interpret
correctly, understanding the secret language of the messages in ones
Ajna Chakra :-
The word Ajna means, "Command". It is the chakra
of intuitive wisdom. It challenges us to open the mind, develop an impersonal
mind and avoid artificial or false truths. Ajna or Bow chakra has two
petals and is associated with the tattwa of Manas or Mind, which is
beyond even the subtlest elements. It is said to be white in colour.
sixth primary chakra according to the Hindu tradition is positioned
at the eyebrow region. Ajna chakra is the location of the third eye,
which is the conscience. The two physical eyes see the past and the
present, while the third eye reveals the insight of the future. Ajna
is considered the chakra of the mind. When something is seen in the
mind`s eye, or in a dream, it is being `seen` by Ajna.
kundalini yoga, different practices are said to stimulate the Ajna chakra,
including Trataka (steady gazing), Shambhavi Mudra (gazing at the space
between the eyebrows), and some forms of Pranayama (breath exercises).
is the chakra of forgiveness and compassion. Forgiveness is the power
to let go of anger, hatred and resentment and to discover, in humility,
the nobility and generosity of the Spirit. It is the one that dissolves
all our conditionings, ego, habits, false ideas of racialism, and all
the sixth chakra is active, consciousness and unconsciousness merge
and whatever gulf there was beforehand is permanently abolished. Integration
becomes complete and a person sees himself as the union of selves.
Sahasrara Chakra :-
Sahasrara, meaning thousand, is the "Lotus of the Thousand
Petals", located four fingerbreadths above the crown of the head.
It is also called Brahma-randhra. It is the meeting place of Kundalini
Shakti and Shiva. Immortality is achieved within Sahasrara Chakra. Before
attaining to this chakra the yogi is unable to reach the unconscious
conscious state called asama-prajnata-samadhi. Blockage manifests as
is the most sublime chakra, relating to pure consciousness, of the Hindu
tradition. Sahasrara chakra symbolizes detachment from illusion; an
essential element in obtaining supramental consciousness of the truth
that one is all and all is one. It is from this chakra that all the
other chakras emanate. When a yogi is able to raise his or her kundalini,
energy of consciousness, up to this point, the state of samadhi, or
union with god, is experienced.
fire, or sight in its finest essence, the yogi becomes illuminated like
the sun. His aura of light is continually radiant. The yogi attains
supremacy over prana, which becomes so subtle that all of the prana
(life force) within his body is said to be thumb-sized. Happiness: Arises
when a proper balance in body, psyche, and mind is established.
is attained within Sahasrara Chakra. When the Kundalini is raised up
to Sahasrara Chakra, the illusion of "individual self" is
dissolved. The yogi becomes realized, one with the cosmic principles
that govern the entire universe within the body. When developed, this
chakra brings us knowledge, wisdom, understanding, spiritual connection,
seven principal chakras can be seen psychically as colorful, multi-petaled
wheels or lotuses. They are situated along the spinal cord from the
base to the cranial chamber.
There are seven chakras, barely visible, exist below the spine.
They are seats of instinctive consciousness, the origin of jealousy,
hatred, envy, guilt, sorrow, etc. They constitute the lower or hellish
world, called Naraka or Patal. These are Atala Chakra, Vitala Chakra
,Sutala Chakra, Talatala Chakra, Rasatala Chakra, Mahatala Chakra, Patal
lower three Chakras are for the ordinary, the Adhibhautika; the upper
three are for the spiritual, the Adhyatmika. These three Chakras are
within the head, and they permit the immortals to remain in their bodies,
if they can retain the Almighty`s grace. They can only be experienced
after the Kundalini is fully awakened. The above-mentioned six Chakras
are known as the Mooladhara, in the perineum. Then comes the Svadhishthana
in the pubic region, the Manipura at the navel, the Anahata near the
heart, the Vishuddha in the throat, and the Ajna in the center of the
forehead and then to the Sahasrara.
lotus is used as a symbol for purity in regard to the Nine Chakras,
because despite of living in mud it is not soiled by the mud but rises
above it. Thus the lotus justifies the theory of Maya Shakti. Each petal
of the lotus is a separate Bija Mantra for that particular Chakra. The
concept of Nine Chakras is closely associated with the practice of Kundalini
Yoga and raising awareness above each of the Chakras make a difference
in the spiritual status of the person.