Yajnavalkya gave the knowledge of Shukla Yajur Ved to Rishi Madyandina
and Rishi Kanva. It is because of this that it is known as Madyandina
Shakha. The Madyandina Shakha is prevalent in Northern India.
Kanva Shakha of Shukla Yajur Ved is mainly found in Maharashtra but,
in early times it existed in North India. Kanva Shakhas teacher was
A shakha means a school that teaches certain Vedic texts.
individual follower of a particular school is called a sakhin. Shukla
Yajur Ved was given to Rishi Yagnavalkya by Lord Surya. Shukla Yajur
Ved originally had 17 Branches out of which only two Shakhas exists
at present known as Vajasaneyi Madyandina and Vajasaneyi Kanva Shakhas.
The book known Charana Vuyha Tantram lists all the 17 Shakhas.
The 14 books of the Madhyandina shakha can be divided into two major
parts. The first 9 books have text commentaries. The 5 books cover supplementary.
In both the Manyandina and Kanva sakhas the Brahmana is called Sathapatha
Brahmana. The name Sathapatha means 100 paths because Yajur Ved has
In Madyandina Sathapatha Brahman an additional sub division is called
Prapathakas. Where as there is no sub division in Kanva Sathapatha Brahmana.
Madyandina Sathapatha contains 14 Kandas, 100 Adhyayas, 68 Prapathakas,
436 Brahmanas and 7179 Kandikas.