universe is made up of mainly 3 things. Minerals, Gases and Light.
Karason who turned blue after taking silver for a skin condition died
at the age of 62 after suffering from a heart attack before contracting
pneumonia and having a severe stroke at a Washington state hospital.
known as "Papa Smurf" became famous in 2008 when he appeared
on NBC's "Today" show to talk about his condition, known as
had revealed his skin turned blue as a side effect of consuming a silver
compound for more than 10 years to treat a bad case of dermatitis on
try and counteract the color change, he also claimed he had self-medicated
doses of colloidal silver, a suspension of silver in a liquid base.
which has antibacterial properties, was used to fight infection until
the 1930s when penicillin was found to be more effective.
FDA banned it being used in over the counter medicines in 1999 because
of its link to argyria, which resulted when the silver reacted with
light collected in the skin.
of Silver :
is leading a revolution in technology and medicine. The white metal's
unique bacteria-fighting qualities are becoming more and more critical
in healing conditions ranging from severe burns to Legionnaires Disease.
In fact, the most powerful treatment for burns is silver sulfadiazine,
which is used in every hospital in North America to promote healing
and reduce infection. Everything from surgical threads to bandages and
dressings to doctors' coats and catheters are utilizing silver. In hospitals
and homes, silver in ductwork provides maximum sterile atmosphere.
is the best electrical conductor of all metals. Because it does not
corrode, its use in electrical and motor control switches is universal.
A fully-equipped automobile may have over 40 silver-tipped switches
to start the engine, activate power steering, brakes, windows, mirrors,
locks and other electrical accessories
Silver is also one of the few elements that improve the efficiency of
chemical reactions. It is the only catalyst that will oxidize ethylene
gas into ethylene oxide, the building block for polyester textiles used
for clothing and specialty fabrics, and melded items like computer keyboards,
electrical control knobs, domestic appliance components and Mylar tape
used for all audio, VCR and recording tapes. Nanotechnology applications
using silver are growing in computers, communications, miniature motors
windshields in homes, cars and office buildings reflect away some 70%
of the solar energy that would otherwise pass through, thus reducing
the load on air conditioners. The U.S. Department of Energy's Energy
Star Program has spurred 50% increase in silver-coated glass in past
six years, translating to 350 million square feet of glass, or five
million ounces of silver per year.
is the ideal industrial material. No other metal has silver's combined
strength, malleability and ductility, or facilitates electrical and
thermal conductivity as well, or can reflect light and endure such extreme
temperature changes. Jet engines of today and tomorrow can depend on
silver-coated bearings for their performance and safety. All major jet
engine manufacturers utilize these high-performance silver bearings,
which provide critical fail-safe lubrication required by the Federal
circuit boards (PCBs) use silver for connecting paths of electronic
circuitry. PCBs are essential to the electronics that control the operation
of aircraft, automobile engines, electrical appliances, security systems,
telecommunication networks, mobile telephones, television receivers.
Most computer keyboards use silver membrane switches.
low-current switches are also found in control panels of cable television,
telephones, and devices using digital electronics. Superconductivity
is the power transmission of the future and silver makes it faster and
more effective. Silver-jacketed superconducting oxide wires can carry
more than 140 times the electric load of copper wire with less than
1 percent of the weight. This wire utilizes about 1,000 ounces of silver
per mile. Silver already improves performance at lighter weights and
size in cables, motors, generators and transformers. Silver oxide-zinc
batteries provide higher voltages and longer life for such consumer
goods as quartz watches, cameras, and electronic tools.
ease of electrode position of silver accounts for silver's widespread
use in coating. The plating thickness of some items, such as fuse caps,
is less than one micron although the silver then tarnishes more easily.
Coatings of two to seven microns are normal for heavy duty electrical
equipment. Silver plating is used in a wide variety of applications
from Christmas Tree ornaments to cutlery and hollowware.
& Soldering :
facilitates the joining of materials (called brazing when done at temperatures
above 600oCelsius and soldering when below) and produces naturally smooth,
leak-tight and corrosion-resistant joints. Silver brazing alloys are
used widely in applications ranging from air-conditioning and refrigeration
equipment to power distribution equipment in the electrical engineering
sector. It is also used in the automobile and aerospace industries.
being a rare and noble metal, was a more desirable medium of exchange
than beads, feathers, shells, and the like. Its use as a medium of exchange
is known throughout all recorded history. Coins, in the sense of having
an authenticating stamp on them, began to appear in the eastern Mediterranean
during 550 B.C. By 269 B.C. Rome adopted silver as part of its standard
coinage. Silver became the trading medium for merchants throughout the
civilized world. (Gold being reserved for governments and the wealthy.)
silver coins continue to be the medium of exchange wherever paper is
not acceptable, for example, in parts of Africa and the Middle East.
One example of a trade coin is the Empress Maria Theresia Taler, first
minted in Austria in 1741. It was standardized in 1780 as 28 grams and
833/1000 silver (the remainder copper). Some 370 million of these 1780
dated coins have been minted up to 1996 and a large proportion remains
in circulation today.
a wide variety of other technology is available, silver-based photography
will retain its pre-eminence due to its superior definition and low
cost. From it's very outset, silver halide has been the material that
records what is to be seen in the photograph. As little as 4 photons
of light activate silver halides which amplify that incident light by
a factor of one billion times. In today's photography, silver halides
are coupled with dyes that bring the color of the world around us into
permanent record. An estimated 196 million troy ounces of silver were
used worldwide in 2003 for photographic purpose.
& Jewelry :
possesses working qualities similar to gold but enjoys greater reflectivity
and can achieve the most brilliant polish of any metal. To make it durable
for jewelry, however, pure silver (999 fineness) is often alloyed with
small quantities of copper. In many countries, Sterling Silver (92.5%
silver, 7.5% copper) is the standard for silverware and has been since
the 14th century.
& Coatings :
is also the best reflector of visible light known, but silver mirrors
must be given a protective coating to prevent them from tarnishing.
Silver's unique optical reflectivity, and its property of being virtually
100% reflective after polishing, allows it to be used both in mirrors
and in coatings for glass, cellophane or metals. Everyone is accustomed
to silvered mirrors. What is new is invisible silver, a transparent
coating of silver on double pane thermal windows. This coating not only
rejects the hot summer sun, but also reflects inward internal house
heat. A new double layer of silver on glass marketed as "low E
squared" is sweeping the window market as it reflects away almost
95% of the hot rays of the sun, creating a new level of household energy
savings. Over 250 million square feet of silver- coated glass is used
for domestic windows in the U.S. yearly and much more for silver coated
polyester sheet for retrofitting windows.
Solar Energy :
paste is used in 90 percent of all crystalline silicon photovoltaic
cells, which are the most common solar cell, according to the Photovoltaic
Technology Division of the U.S. Department of Energy. And all silicon
cells used in space to power satellites use silver in the form of evaporated
metal to make the electrical contact. The electricity generated by photovoltaic
cells is highly reliable. As soon as sunlight strikes, power begins
to flow. Sunlight striking silicon cells generates electrons, which
the silver conductors collect to become a useful electric current. The
conductive silver, which also enhances reflection of the sunlight, is
applied in the form of a glass paste with a minimum of 90 percent silver
along the top and across the bottom of the silicon crystal. When fired,
the silver forms a complete circuit collecting solar energy and conducting
it to the power supply line. A group of roofing-tile solar cells can
generate sufficient power to provide a house and also fill batteries
to supply power after dark. Silver plays yet another role in the collection
of solar energy: efficient reflection of solar heat. Silver is the best
reflector of thermal energy (after gold).
increasing trend is the millions of on-the-counter and under-the-counter
water purifiers that are sold each year in the United States to rid
drinking water of bacteria, chlorine, trihalo methane’s, lead,
particulates, and odor. Here silver is used to prevent the buildup of
bacteria and algae in the filters. Of the billions of dollars spent
yearly in the U.S. for drinking water purification systems, over half
make advantageous use of the bactericidal properties of silver. New
research has shown that the catalytic action of silver, in concert with
oxygen, provides a powerful sanitizer, virtually eliminating the need
for the use of corrosive chlorine.
/ Lord Vishnu and Goddess Laxmi :
if we observe this carefully the color of Lord Vishnu is considered
Blue this means that we can compare him with element silver. His wife
is Laxmi which is Goddess of wealth.
and other precious metals and gemstones come under category of minerals.
and Helium were almost the only types of atoms formed in Big Bang. Hydrogen
is the most common and abundant element in the universe. The heavier
elements were originally made from hydrogen atoms or from other elements
that were originally made from hydrogen atoms. Hydrogen is estimated
to make up more than 90 percent of all the atoms, three quarters of
the mass of the universe. This element plays an important part in powering
the universe through both the proton-proton reaction and carbon-nitrogen
cycle. Stellar hydrogen fusion processes release massive amounts of
energy by combining hydrogen to form helium.
is the second lightest element in the known universe. It is also the
second most abundant. According to some estimates helium accounts for
as much as 24 percent of the Universe’s mass. This element is
also plentiful since it is a prime product of fusion nuclear reactions
problem is that just because an element is common in the universe at
large does not mean that it is common on Earth. Helium is an element
that fits this scenario. Helium only accounts for 0.00052% of the Earth’s
atmosphere and the majority of the helium harvested comes from beneath
the ground being extracted from minerals or tapped gas deposits. This
makes it one of the rarest elements of any form on the planet.
has 1 electron and Helium has 2.
73% of the mass of the visible universe is in the form of hydrogen.
Helium makes up about 25% of the mass, and everything else represents
only 2%. While the abundance of these more massive ("heavy",A
> 4) elements seems quite low, it is important to remember that most
of the atoms in our bodies and Earth are a part of this small portion
of the matter of the universe. The low-mass elements, hydrogen and helium,
were produced in the hot, dense conditions of the birth of the universe
itself. The birth, life, and death of a star is described in terms of
nuclear reactions. The chemical elements that make up the matter we
observe throughout the universe were created in these reactions.
15 billion years ago the universe began as an extremely hot and dense
region of radiant energy, the Big Bang. Immediately after its formation,
it began to expand and cool. The radiant energy produced quark-anti
quarks and electron-positrons, and other particle-antiparticle pairs.
However, as the particles and antiparticles collided in the high energy
gas, they would annihilate back into electromagnetic energy. As the
universe expanded the average energy of the radiation became smaller.
Particle creation and annihilation continued until the temperature cooled
enough that pair creation became no longer energetically possible.
present Hydrogen Bomb made is the most powerful bomb and can be compared
with the destruction form of Lord Shiv.
is made of Hydrogen Isotope (Isotopes of an element have the same atomic
number but different atomic mass. This is due to different numbers of
neutrons in the nucleus. Some isotopes of an element may be stable,
others radioactive / An isotope is 2 or more atoms with the same amount
of protons, but different amounts of neutrons. They are a differing
form of a single element.
example, Carbon 12 and Carbon 14 are both isotopes of carbon, one with
6 neutrons and one with 8 neutrons (both with 6 protons)) known as Ditirium
and has 1 proton and 1 neutron (normal hydrogen has 1 proton). Hydrogen
bomb use method known as Fusion which opposite of Fission (splitting
atoms) in Fusion you are pushing atoms together to make bigger atoms.
When Hydrogen is Super heated to millions of degrees Celsius atoms go
crazy and fly around hitting each other and when they do they fuse together
to form Helium. This releases a lot of energy this happens very quickly
and then it explodes.
Gases / Lord Shiv Goddess Parvati :
and Helium can be called as Shiv (destruction) and Shakti (energy).
is only light which travels in vacuum and space is made of vacuum.
/ Lord Brahma / Cosmic Rays :
coming from space are known as cosmic rays. This typically includes
photons (high-energy light), electrons, protons, and some heavier nuclei,
as well as antimatter particles. About 90% of cosmic rays are protons,
9% are alpha particles, and the rest are other particles.
rays on the other hand, have nothing to do with the electromagnetic
radiation. Cosmic rays are in fact high energy charged particles consisting
mainly protons and atomic nuclei (98%) and electrons (about 2%). Some
cosmic rays have energies a billion times greater than those that can
be achieved in particle accelerators. In general, most cosmic rays reaching
the earth are of lower energy. The key to the high energies possessed
by cosmic rays are in their high velocities - a very small mass travelling
at very high velocity still posses very high kinetic energy.
rays are energetic charged subatomic particles, originating from outer
space, that impinge on Earth's atmosphere. They may produce secondary
particles that may penetrate to the Earth's surface, and deeper. Cosmic
rays are the same particles that are stable (non-radioactive) components
of the types of atoms that normally occur on Earth, i.e. protons, atomic
nuclei, or electrons. Cosmic rays thus resemble the particles that circulate
inside particle accelerators, although cosmic ray energies may be far
higher. The term ray comes from the early days of radiation research,
when a directed stream of any ionizing radiation was termed a "ray"
(example, alpha rays).
cosmic ray is a high speed particle either an atomic nucleus or an electron
that travels throughout the Milky Way Galaxy, including the solar system.
Some of these particles originate from the Sun, but most come from sources
outside the solar system and are known as galactic cosmic rays (GCRs).
velocity of cosmic rays can go from a small fraction of the speed of
light up to about .999999999999 times the speed of light.
composition of cosmic rays is important because these rays are a direct
sample of matter from outside the solar system and contain elements
that are much too rare to be seen in spectroscopic lines from other
stars. They also provide important information on the chemical evolution
of the universe.
rays are sub-atomic particles that are moving at a good fraction of
the speed of light. If you slow them down to "collect and store"
them, they look just like the matter that makes up you, me, and the
rest of the Earth. If you want them moving at high velocities, a particle
accelerator can generate many more than you could easily capture and
store (although cosmic rays can get up to much higher energies than
the biggest particle accelerators on Earth can generate).
is said that Lord Brahma emerged from Navel from Vishnu. If we read
above the uses of silver we find “Silver is also the best reflector
of visible light known, but silver mirrors must be given a protective
coating to prevent them from tarnishing”.
means Brahma was reflected from the navel of Vishnu. It is said that
Brahma created Universe by slowing of cosmic rays and storing them.
Hence, God say you are what I am.
/ Goddess Saraswati :
are tiny little particles of light, far too small to see individually.
All light is made of photons. The earliest photons probably appeared
about fifteen billion years ago, during the Big Bang. Unlike electrons
and quarks, photons have no mass, so they can travel at the speed of
light (about 186,000 miles per second) - that's why we call it the speed
behave in some ways like particles, little bits of stuff, and in other
ways like waves. It's not just visible sunlight that is made of photons,
but a lot of other kinds of waves like radio waves, television broadcasts,
x-rays, and the ultraviolet (UVA and UVB) rays that give you sunburns.
The difference between light and these other kinds of waves depends
on the size of the wave - the wavelength. Very short waves are x-rays
and ultraviolet rays, that cause sunburn. Visible light like sunlight
is made of medium-length waves. Radio and television waves are very
long waves. But all of these rays are made of photons.
Ida, Pingla and Shushumna :
eventually identified several distinct types of radiation, the particles
resulting from radioactive decays. The three types of radiation were
named after the first three letters of the Greek alphabet: (alpha),
(beta), and (gamma).
particles are helium nuclei (2 p, 2 n).
Beta particles are speedy electrons.
Gamma radiation is a high-energy photon.
These three forms of radiation can be distinguished by a magnetic
field since :
• The positively-charged alpha particles curve in one direction,
• The negatively-charged beta particles curve in the opposite
• The electrically-neutral gamma radiation doesn't curve at all.
Alpha particles can be stopped by a sheet of paper, beta particles by
aluminum, and gamma radiation by a block of lead. Gamma radiation can
penetrate very far into a material, and so it is gamma radiation that
poses the most danger when working with radioactive materials, although
all types of radiation are very dangerous. Sadly, it took scientists
many years to realize the perils of radioactivity.
is female (electrons, beta) energy, pingla is Male energy (protons,
alpha) and the kundalini energy travels through shushumna (gamma waves
which travels straight).
speed of Frequency (hertz) is 299 792 458 meters per second.
speed of Light is 299 792 458 meters per second.