means the excellent. Pravara is the number of the excellent rishis who
belonged to that particular Gotra. Gotra is the name of the founding
father. Generally, there are three or five excellent rishis making up
pravara in a Gotra. During upanayan sanskar while tying the knots of
sacred thread an oath is taken in the name of each one of these three
or five of the most excellent rishis belonging to a persons gotra.
full affiliation of a brahaman consists of 1) Gotra 2) Sutra (of Kalpa)
3) Shakha and 4) Pravaras.
A Brahman who introduces himself to others as follows describes himself
as Mr. “X”, of Gautam Gotra, of Gautam Sutra, of Madyandina
Shakha of Shukla Yajurved, of three pravaras named Angiras, Sharadvad
pravara identifies the connection of a person with two, three or sometimes
five mentioned rishi. It also signifies the Sutras and their contribution
to different Ved's.
are two kinds of pravaras, 1) Rishi Parampara and 2) Putra Parampara.
When it is Rishi Parampara marriage is not acceptable if half or more
than half of the rishis are same in both bride and bride groom Gotras.
If it is putraparampara, marriage is totally unacceptable even if one