is electromagnetic force ?
The electromagnetic force is a special force that affects everything
in the universe because (like gravity) it has an infinite range. It
has the ability to attract and repel charges. Since material in solid
and liquid forms are made of charges having a unique order they too
may be manipulated by this force. It is also responsible for giving
things strength, shape, and hardness. The electromagnetic force can
be generated by three types of fields known as the electrostatic field,
magneto static field, and the electromagnetic field. Some of Earth's
greatest philosophers brilliantly used the concept of field lines to
help visualize how one object can be moved by another object without
actually touching each other. Force at a distance
The field lines for static fields are tied to the sources. Static means
that the strength and orientation of the source does not change with
time. Static electric fields originate from a positive charge and terminate
on a negative charge. Static magnetic fields circulate around moving
charge (or charges) sometimes called current. They have no beginning
or end they circulate. Because these fields are tied to sources, when
the sources are turned off, the field lines disappear and no force is
The electromagnetic force is responsible for you to have the ability
to hold and move things such as your mouse.
The electrostatic fields generated among the atoms and molecules near
the surface of your hand generate a force field that doesn't allow large
objects to pass through your hand.
The electrostatic force is responsible for dirt sticking on your hand.
The electromagnetic fields are time varying fields containing both electric
fields and magnetic fields that feed upon each other even in vacuum.
A vacuum is defined as a void of medium. These field lines actually
detach themselves from the source and can exist on their own when the
source is turned off.
A good example in nature is the light generated from the farthest star.
Although we see the light today, it may have been generated millions
of years ago. Within that time, the star may have "turned off."
This is because electromagnetic energy, such as light, takes time to
travel from one point in space to another point in space.
What is the strength of electromagnetic force ?
It is very strong and this is surprising too because it can work over
an infinite range. To give you an idea, the electromagnetic force is
approximately 1036 times stronger than the earth's gravitational field.
That is (to put it in perspective) 1,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000
times stronger than gravity on Earth. If this was not the case, all
material would collapse into a black hole. Forces compete, on Earth
the electromagnetic force wins. In a black hole, gravity is a very strong
What does the electromagnetic force repel and attract?
The charges create electric fields which drive an electromagnetic force
causing unlike charges to attract and like charges to repel. You experience
the electromagnetic force when you rub a balloon on your hair and your
hair clings to the balloon.
Moving charge, in a wire, atom, or molecule generates a magnetic field
that circulates. Sometimes, people use the concept of poles to help
describe the magnetic field.