Babylonia at the time of Hammurabi, ca. 1792 - 1750 BC

Haradum (modern Khirbit ed-Diniye, Iraq) was an ancient Near East city on the middle Euphrates about 90 kilometers southeast of Mari.

History :

While the site of Haradum was occupied earlier, being mentioned in texts from Mari, it did not grow into a proper town until the 18th century BC under the control of the First Dynasty of Babylon. The earliest dated record is from the 26th year of King Samsu-iluna of Babylon. Tablets from the reign of Abi-eshuh, Ammi-ditana, Ammi-saduqa, and Samsu-Ditana have also been found at Haradum. The town of Haradum was destroyed during the reign of Samsu-Ditana.

Haradum is noted for being one of the earliest examples of a planned city, with a square layout and straight streets.

Archaeology :

The site of Haradum is small, about 1.5 hectares in area. It was excavated for six seasons in the 1980s by a team from the Délégation Archéologique Française en Iraq led by Christine Kepinski-Lecomte. The work was a salvage operation in response to dam construction.

Source :