is a locality north of Mosul in the Nineveh Province of Iraq. The site
is clear of vegetation and is sparsely settled.
The site is famous for the ruins of
an enormous aqueduct crossing the Khenis River, constructed of more
than two million dressed stones and using stone arches and waterproof
cement. Some consider it to be the world's oldest aqueduct, predating
anything the Romans built by five centuries.
The Aqueduct of Jerwan :
The aqueduct is part of the larger Atrush Canal built by the Assyrian
king Sennacherib between 703 and 690 BC to water Ninevah's extensive
gardens, with water diverted from Khenis gorge, 50 km to the north.
An inscription on the aqueduct reads
"Sennacherib king of the world king of Assyria. Over a great
distance I had a watercourse directed to the environs of Nineveh, joining
together the waters.... Over steep-sided valleys I spanned an aqueduct
of white limestone blocks, I made those waters flow over it."
Some scholars believe the legends of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon
were actually Sennacherib’s extensive gardens in Nineveh, not
from Jerwan by The University of Chicago
of the Jerwan Aqueduct
David Barnett, Sculptures from the north palace of Ashurbanipal
at Nineveh (668-627 B.C.), British Museum Publications Ltd, 1976
dust track from the Erbil-Duhok road leads to Jerwan (incorrectly spelled