es Sawwan location in Iraq
es-Sawwan is an important Samarran period archaeological site in Saladin
Province, Iraq. It is located 110 kilometres (68 mi) north of Baghdad,
and south of Samarra.
The site is a primarily Ubaid, Hassuna,
and Samarra culture occupation with some later Babylonian graves. It
is considered the type site for the Samarran culture.
Tell es-Sawwan and its environment
Tell es-Sawwan is an oval mound 350 metres (1,150 ft) long by 150 metres
(490 ft) wide with a maximum height of 3.5 metres (11 ft). The main
mound was surrounded by a three-metre defensive ditch and a strong mudbrick
wall. The village consisted of large houses and other buildings thought
to be granaries.
The inhabitants of Tell es-Sawwan were
farmers who used irrigation from the Tigris to support their crops,
as rainfall was unreliable. They used stone and flint tools similar
to those of the Hassuna culture. Their prosperity, probably based on
the dependability of irrigated crops, is evidenced by the presence of
fine Samarran ware and beautiful, translucent marble vessels.
Underfloor graves of adults and children
contained terracotta and alabaster statuettes of women and men, in various
poses; some of these had the eyes and pointed heads typical of the Ubaid
History of research :
The site was excavated by a team from the Iraqi Directorate General
of Antiquities in seven seasons between 1964 and 1971. The second season
was led by Khalid Ahmad Al-a'dami and the sixth and seventh season by
figurine from Tell es-Sawwan, Louvre Museum
goddess from Tell es-Sawwan, Iraq, 6000 - 5800 BCE. Iraq Museum
goddess figurine from Tell es-Sawwan, Iraq, 6000 - 5800 BCE. Iraq Museum
jar with a necklace from Tell es-Sawwan, Iraq. 6000 - 5800 BCE. Iraq
with human bones from Tell es-Sawwan, Iraq, 6000 - 5800 BCE. Iraq Museum