of Kunind relative to other groups: the Audumbaras, the Vemak's,
the Vrishnis, the Yaudheyas, the Paurav's and the Arjunyan's
Ram Swarup Joon writes about Puru: Yayati's second son succeeded
his father to the throne and his descendants ruled for thousand
of years. Advancing from Haridwar, king Hasti founded Hastinapur
as his capital and the Pandava rule was established over Indraprasth.
large number of gotras originated after the name of the famous kings
of this dynasty.
earliest gotra adopted by the Puru dynasty was Atrey.
to the "Shiv Puran", Shiv's wife was insulted his in the
Yagya by king Daksh. Shiv therefore sent his general named Vir Bhadra
from the country named Shiv Jat and he cut off the head of Daksh.
study of the genealogical tables of the Dholpur dynasty give us
an account of one branch of Puru dynasty.
to these genealogical tables, the descendents of Paunbhadra came
to be known as Pauniya and settled down in Rajasthan, Haryana and
descendants of Kalahan Bhadra came to be known as Kalhan and settled
down in Southern Gujrat and Kathiawar.
descendants of Atisur Bhadra came to be known as Anjana or Anjilet
and settled down in Malwa, Mewar, Marwar and Dhundhar.
descendants of Jakhbhadra came to be known as Jakhar and settled
down in Jammu and Kashmir, Sindh and Punjab.
descendants of Brahmabhadra came to be known as Bhimarolaya and
settled down in Jhelum and the descendants of Dahi Bhadra came to
be known as Dahiya and settled down in the Punjab and other lands.
of Mahabharat :
Puru was son of Yayati and Sharmishtha. The mother of Anu and Puru,
(whom the Jats claim as their progenitors), was Sarmishtha, the
princess of King Vrshaparvan (Pargiter, F.E.,: AIHT, pp. 56-7).
of Puru and Sharmishtha :
had three sons from Sharmishtha – 1. Druhyu 2. Anu and 3.
of Puru and Devyani :
Yayati had two sons from Devayani – 1. Yadu and 2. Turvasu.
of Devayani and Sharmishtha :
When Devyani came to know about the relationship of Yayati and Sharmishtha
and their three sons she felt shocked and betrayed. Devyani went
away to her father's house. Shukracharya was displeased with the
king, and cursed that he would lose his youth and become an old
man immediately. As soon as Shukracharya uttered his curse Yayati
became an old man. Shukracharya also said that his curse once uttered
could not be taken back and added that the only concession he could
give was that if Yayati wanted he could give his old age to someone
and take their youth from them. Yayati was relieved at the reprieve
he was given and confident that his sons would willingly exchange
their youth with him. Yayati went back to his kingdom. Yayati requested
all his five sons one by one to give their youth to him to enjoy
the worldly happiness. All the sons except Puru rejected his demand.
So Yayati took the youth of Puru and enjoyed all the subjects. Puru
became the successor King of Yayati.
The Purus were a tribe, or a confederation of tribes, mentioned
many times in the Rigved, formed around 3180 B.C.E. RV 7.96.2 locates
them at the banks of the Sarasvati River. There were several factions
of Purus, one being the Bharatas. Purus rallied many other tribes
against King Sudas of the Bharat, but were defeated in the Battle
of the Ten Kings (RV 7.18, etc.,).
famous name Bharat or Bharat-Varsh is actually named after a descendant
of the Puru dynasty King Bharat (2860 B.C.E.). There were two main
Vedic cultures in ancient India. The first was a northern kingdom
centered on the Sarasvati-Drishadvati river region dominated by
the Purus and the Ikshvakus that produced the existent Ved texts
that we have. The second was a southern culture along the coast
of the Arabian Sea and into the Vindhya Mountains, dominated by
the Turvashas and Yadus and extending into groups yet further south.
These northern and southern groups vied for supremacy and influenced
each other in various ways as the Ved's and Puran's indicate. The
northern or Bharat culture ultimately prevailed, making India the
land of Bharat or Bharatavarsh and its main ancient literary record
the Ved's, though militarily the Yadus remained strong throughout
was born after 25 generations of Puru's dynasty, and after 15 generations
of Kuru, Kauravas and Pandavas were born. These were the same renowned
Kaurav and Pandavs who fought the epic battle of Mahabharat. The
dynasty of king Yadu - Andhak, Vrasni and Bhoj, under the leadership
of Shree Krishna, helped the Pandavas win the battle. According
to Puranic tradition, the war occurred 95 generations after Manu
Vaivasvata. The Puranas state that there are 1,050 years between
Parikshit of the Kurus and the last Kuru king at the time of Mahapadma
King Porus of Alexander's time seem to reflect the old tribal name.
Kosambi mentioned that the Puru name perhaps survived in the modern
Punjabi surname Puri, while Naval Viyogi (1966) mentions in his
work on the IVC that the modern Punjabi surname Puri may possibly
originate with the Puru tribe. Buddha Prakash (1964) mentions that
the Puru clan probably survived in Punjab under the name of Puri.
Gotras originated from Puru :
of fifty generations of Purvansh :
creation has originated from the Supreme Father Brahma, hence the
description of fifty generations of the Purvansha after him is as
follows. You can find out their generation from the given numbers.
Prajapati became proficient with Parampita Brahma.
2. From Daksh came Aditi.
3. From Aditi came Vivaswan.
4. From Vivaswan came Manu, in whose name we are called Manav (human
5. From Manu came Ila (Ela).
6. From Ela came Pururava and who married Urvashi and also held
the position of Indra.
7. From Purarava came Ayu.
8. From Ayu came Nahush.
9. Nahush's had an elder son, Yeti, who became a monk, so his second
son, Yayati, became king. All the Ancestry came from the sons of
Yayati. Yayati had five sons. Yadu and Tervasu from Devayani, Dhuhu
and Anu from Sharmistha. Yadukul of Yadavas started from Yadu, in
which Shri Krishna was born later. From Tarvasu came Malech, from
Dhuhu came Bhoj and Puru. From Puru esteem Puruvansh Started. Anu's
lineage did not last long.
10. From Puru and Kaushalya came Janmajey.
11. Ffrom Janmajey and Ananta came Prachiwan.
12. Prachiwan was married to Ashmiki and had Samyati.
13. Samyati was married to Warangi and had Ahamyati.
14. Ahamyati was married to Bhanumati and had Sarvabhaum.
15. Sarvabhaum was married to Sunanda and had Jayatsen.
16. Jayatsen was married to Shushrava and had Avachin.
17. Avachin was married to Maryada and had Arih.
18. Arih was married to Khalvamgi and had Mahabhaum.
19. Mahabhaum was married to Shuyasha and had Anutanaye.
20. Anutanaye was married to Kama and had Akrodhan.
21. Akrodhan was married to Karambha and had Devathiti.
22. Devatithi was married to Marayada and had Arih.
23. Arih was married to Sudeva and had Krush.
24. Krush was married to Jawala and had Matinar.
25. Matinar was married to Saraswati and had Tamsu.
26. Tamsu was married to Kalindi and had Eileen.
27. Eileen was married to Rathantari and had Dushyant.
28. Dushyant was married to Shakuntala and had Bharat and by the
name of Bharat our country (India)is called Bharat.
29. Bharat was married to Sunanda and had Bhamanyu.
30. Bhamanyu was married to Vijay and had Suhotra.
31. Suhotra was married to Suvarna and had Hasti after whom the
entire state was named Hastinapur.
32. Hasti was married to Yashodhara and had Vikunthan.
33. Vikunthan was married to Sudeva and had Jamidh.
34. The Ajmidh's son was Samvaran.
35. Samvaran was Married to Tapti and had Kuru on whose name this
dynasty was called Kuru dynasty.
36. Kuru was married to Shubhangi and had Vidurath.
37. Vidurath was married to Sampriya and had Anavashva.
38. Anashva was married to Amruta and had Parikshit.
39. Parikshit was married to Suyusha and had Bhimsen.
40. Bhimsen was married to Kumari and had Pratishrava.
41. Pratishrava had Prateep.
42. Pratip was married to Sunanda and had Shantanu.
43. Shantanu was married to Ganga and had devvrat Ganga, which later
became famous as Bhishm . Bhishm's dynasty did not move forward
because he had vowed to remain a life-long brahchari. Shantanu's
second wife Satyavati had Chitrangad and Vichitravirya . Chitrangad
died in his youth. Vichitravirya had two queens, Ambika and Ambalaika.
Vichichitravirya too died before the birth of his child, but with
the grace of Maharishi Vyas, his dynasty went ahead.
44. With the grace of Maharishi Vyas on Vichitravirya , Dhritarashtra
was born from Ambika, Pandu from Ambalaika and Vidur were born from
45. From Dhritarashtra, Duryodhana Dushasan, etc. 100 sons were
born and a daughter called Dushala. He also had a son called Yuyust
from a Vaishya girl who was younger than Duryodhan and older than
Dushasan. Even after so many sons, their dynasty did not move forward
because their entire dynasty was destroyed in the war of Mahabharat.
The Pandu progeny were unable to be born due to the curse of the
Kindam Rishi. He ordered his two wives to produce children with
the mantra of sage Durvasa. From Dharmaraj and Kunti Yudhisthir
was born, the Pavandev, Bhim was born and from Lord Indra, Arjun
was born. From Madri and Ashwnikumar, Nakul and Sahadeva born. There
was a difference of one year in the birth of these five. The day
Bheem was born, Duryodhana was also born on the same day.
46. Draupadi and Yudhisthir had Prativindhya and from Devika Yudey
was born while. Sutsom was born from Draupadi and Bhim, from Jalndhara
Swarg was born and from Hidimba Gatorgatch was born. Gathorgatch's
son was Barbarik . From Nakul and Draupadi, Shatniks and Karenumati
and from Karenumati Nirmitra was born. Shrutkarma was born from
Draupadi and Sahadev and Suhotra from Vijaya. The descendants of
these four brothers did not work.
Arjun had Shrutkirti from Draupadi, Subhadra from Abhimanyu, Ulupi
from Elawan, and from Chitrangada he had Babruvahan. Of these, only
Abhimanyu 's dynasty went ahead.
47. Abhimanyu's and Uttara had Parikshit. He was bitten by snake
called Takshak under the curse of the Sage and he died.
48. Parikshit had Janmejaye. He got a snake sacrifice to avenge
his father's death, in which many castes of snakes ended, but Takshak
49. Janamejay had Shatanik and Shankukarna.
50. Shatanki had son Ashwameghdatt.
This is a description of the Purvansh in a nutshell.