ARYAN NATIONS

16 Vendidad Nations

"Good Lands and Countries" of the Vendidad

Vendidad Name

Alternative Spelling

Old Persian
/ Pahlavi

Greek / Western

Present Name

Features : Good & Bad

1. Airyanem Vaejo

Airyana Vaeja

Airan Vej (Phl.)

Iran

- Good & lawful
- River snakes,
  climate change to severe winters.

2. Sukhdho
(also Tuirya)

Sughdha
Turan

Suguda (OP)

Sogdiana

Sugd, Northwest Tajikistan,
Samarkand (SE Uzbekistan)

- Good land
- fly Skaitya which kills cattle

3. Mourum

Mouru

Margu (OP)

Margiana

Marv / Merv,
South Turkmenistan

- Brave, holy
- Plunder, bloodshed

4. Bakhdhim

Bakhdhi

Bakhtrish (OP)

Bactria

Balkh,
North Afghanistan

- Uplifted banner
- Stinging ants

5. Nisaim

Nisaya

Parthava (OP)

Parthia

N. Khorasan (NE Iran) & Nisa
South Turkmenistan.
Bordering Balkh and Marv

- Good land
- Disbelief (could have refused
  to accept Zoroastrianism)

6. Haroyum

Haroyu

Haraiva (OP)

Aria

Hari Rud (Herat),
Northwest Afghanistan

- Plentiful water
- Grief, poverty

7. Vaekeretem

Khnenta Vaekerata
/ Vaekereta

Kalpul (Phl.)

Sattagydia

Kabul,
Eastern Afghanistan

- Good land
- Followers of Keresaspa,
  fairies and witchcraft

8. Urvam

Urva

Uvarazmiya / Uvarazmish

Khvarizem / Chorasmia

Khorezm, Uzbekistan

- Rich pastures
- Pride, tyranny

9. Khnentem Vehrkano

Vehrkana

Varkana (OP)

Hyrcania

Gorgan, Golestan,
North-northeast Iran

- Good land
- Sodomy with children

10. Harahvaitim

Harahvaiti

Harauvatish (OP)

Arachosia

Kandahar & Oruzan
South Central Afghanistan

- Beautiful
- Bury the dead

11. Haetumantem

Haetumant

Zraka (OP)

Drangiana

Helmand - SE Afghanistan &
Sistan - E. Iran

- Brilliant, glorious
- Wizardry & Sorcery

12. Rakham

Ragha

Raga (OP)

Ragai

Rai, Tehran & S. Alburz,
North Iran

- Three peoples
- Utter disbelief

13. Chakhrem*

Kakhra

Uncertain: Either Ghazni, SE Afghanistan or just west of Rai, N. Iran

- Brave, righteous
- Burn corpses

14. Varenem

Varena

Patashkh-vargar or Dailam (Phl.)

Western
Hyrcania

W. Mazandaran, Gilan & Northern Alburz (land of Mt. Damavand) North Iran

- Home of Thraetaona (Feridoon)
  who slew Azi Dahaka (Zahak)
- Barbarian (foreign) rule

15. Hapta Hendu**

Hapta Hindu

Hindava (OP)

Indus

Northern valley of the seven Indus rivers** (Upper Indus Basin)
Gandhara (Waihind)***, Punjab and Kashmir in N. Pakistan & NW India

- Wide expanses
- Violence, rage and hot weather

16. Ranghaya

Rangha

later part of Arvastani Rum (Phl.) i.e. Eastern Roman empire

Lake Urmia, Upper Tigris, Kurdistan, Eastern & Central Turkey

- Good land
- No chiefs i.e. no protector,
   open to raids, lawless,
   severe winters

Indian or Indo-Iranian groups who worshiped the Vedic deities were found in and to the north of Syria in the middle of the second millennium B.C. Prof. S.A. Cook writes “In what may roughly be called the 'Mosaic’ age, viz, that illustrated by the Amarna letters and the “Hittite” tables from Boghaz-Keui, Palestine was exposed to Iranian (Old Persia) or Indo-European Persian Empire…. In the Mosaic Age, Varun, the remarkable ethical God of ancient India, was known to North Syria.” In the 14th century BC, there appeared in North East Syria, a people called Mittani, whose kings had Indo-Iranian names and whose gods were very similar to the Aryan gods – Indara (Indra), Uruvna (Varun), Mitira and Nasatiya. Some other chiefs in Syria and Palestine also had Indo-Iranian names.

The presence of Aryan Sumerian empire can be found in Iraq, Egypt, Oman, Port land of Magan i.e. a name for the Sinai Peninsula located at east of Suez, Syria, Arabian Sea, Asia Minor, Palestine, Persia, Indus, Baluchistan and Makran, Red Sea, Indus, etc.

All the above countries names also show Aryan lands.