HISTORY PART - 1

Presented by : Lalsuprasad S. Rajbhar.

15/05/2018. Tuesday

Hin is a Hindu who renounces emotions. Sanatan Dharm is Hindu religion. Hinduism is the largest religion. Many efforts have been made to eradicate it by the Mughal emperor and the British. But till date no Hindu religion could be erased. Bharat's are the children of Brahma, Vishnu, Mahesh and sage Muni. Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh had many sons and daughters. All these have sons and daughters from Dev (Sur), Daitya (Asur), Danav, Rakshash, Gandharv, Yaksh, Kinnar, Vanar, Nag, Charan, Nishad, Mathang, Bear, Bhall, Kirat, Apsara, Vidyadhar, Siddh, Nishachar, Veer, Guhyak, Kuldev, Sthandev, Village God, Pitar, Bhoot, Pret, Pishach, Kushmanda, Brahmarakshas, Vaital, Kshetrapal, Manav, etc. originated.

A attempt was made by dynasty writers, pilgrimage priests, pandas and signifying operators of the dynasty to keep the residents of the entire Aryavart unquestionable can certainly be considered the latest model example of the Vedic sage tradition itself. According to the Puran’s, the Dravidians consider the contribution of King Nahusha in the origin of the Chola and Pandya castes, who was the Chandravanshi king of Ilavarta. The Puran’s carry Bharatn history to the deluge. It is from here that Vaivasvat Manuvantar starts. Panchanad is mentioned in the Vedas. That is, the clans of Bharatns expanded from the five major clans.

Divided dynasty: The entire Hindu dynasty is presently gotra, pravara, shakha, ved, sharm, gan, shikha, paad, tilak, chhatra, mala, deity (Shiva, Vinayak, Kuladevi, Kuladevata, Ishdevata, Rashtra Devta, Gotra Devta, Bhoomi Devta, The village deity has been divided into Bhairav and Yaksh, etc. As society grew, there were many distinctions between gan and gotra. Many societies or people have given up all this in the time of slavery, and then their identity is considered as Kashyapa gotra.

Kulhanta :

Today, all the humans residing in the entire monolithic Bharat ie Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Burma etc. all belong to the following major Hindu lineages. Over time, their caste, religion and province changed, but they all belong to the same clan (kul and vansh). In the Gita, Shri Krishna tells Arjun that Kul is destroyed when a person leaves his Kuldharma. In this way, they forget their origin and ancestors forever. Kulhanta is that person which, leaves its Kuladharma and tradition and adopts the Kuldharma and tradition of others. A tree that hates its roots should not have the misconception to grow.

Expansion of Bharat :

In Mahabharat Pragjyotish (Assam), Kimpurush (Nepal), Trivishtap (Tibet), Harivarsh (China), Kashmir, Abhisar (Rajouri), Dard, Hun Hunja, Ambist Aamb, Pakhtu, Kaikeya, Gandhar along with Kamboj Valhik Balakh, Shiv Shivasthan-Seastan-Sara Baloch region, Sindh, Sauvir Saurashtra, including the lower area of Sindh, Dandak Maharashtra, Surabhipatna, Mysore, Chola, Andhra, Kalinga and Sinhal, nearly 200 districts have been described who were completely Aryans or influenced by Aryan culture and language. Among these, Abhir Ahir, Tanwar, Kamboj, Yavan, Shina, Kak, Pani, Chuluk Chalukya, Sarost Sarote, Kakkad, Khokhar, Chindha Chindhar, Samara, Kokan, Jangal, Shak, Pundra, Odar, Malav, Shudrak, Yodheya Johiya, Shur, Takshak and Lohad etc. Arya khap are particularly notable.

Today all these names have changed to Jat, Gurjar, Patel, Rajput, Maratha, Dhakad, Saini, Parmar, Pathania, Afzal, Ghosi, Bohra, Ashraf, Kasai, Kula, Kunjra, Nait, Mendal, Mochi, Meghwal etc. of Bharat Hindu, Muslim, Christian, Buddhist Many castes all stem from the same lineage. Well, now we know about the major lineages of Hindus (basically Bharatns), of which you are also connected with the descendants of one of them. This information may be important to you.

Those who consider themselves natives should also know that initially humans lived around the Himalayas. Only after the end of the ice age did the forest area and plains expand on the earth, then humans started living there. It is mentioned in every religion that a human originated near a river originating from the Himalayas. There was a sacred garden where a group of early humans lived. Apart from the history of religions, it is also necessary to know the geography of the earth and the scientific side of human history.

1. First Ancient Dynasty :

Brahma clan: Brahma had predominantly three wives. Savitri, Gayatri and Saraswati. They got sons and daughters from the three. Apart from this, there were also Manas sons of Brahma out of which the names of the chief are as follows - 1. Atri, 2. Angiras, 3. Bhrigu, 4. Kandarbh, 5. Vashisth, 6. Daksh, 7. Svayambhuv Manu, 8. Kritu, 9. Pulah, 10. Pulastya, 11. Narad, 12. Chitragupt, 13. Marichi, 14. Sanak, 15. Sundanand, 16. Sanatan and 17. Sanatakumar, etc.

Swayambhuv Manu Kul :

Swayambhuv Manu Kul has many branches. One of them talks of a major branch. Swayambhuv Manu is the first messenger of all mankind. There were a total of 5 children of Swayambhuv Manu and Shatrupa, out of which 2 sons were Priyavrat and Uttanpad and 3 girls were Aakuti, Devahuti and Prasuti. Akuti was married to Ruchi Prajapati and Prasuti was married to Daksh Prajapati. Devahuti was married to Prajapati Kardam. Ruchi gets a son from Akuti named Yagya. His wife's name was Dakshina.

It is noteworthy that Devahuti gave birth to 9 girls who were married to Prajapati. Devahuti also gave birth to a son, who is known as the great sage Kapil. He was born in Kapilavastu in Bharat and was the originator of Sankhya philosophy. He was the one who burnt 100 sons of Sagara with his curse.

Two sons - Priyavrat and Uttanpad. Uttanpad had 2 wives named Suniti and Suruchi. From the Suniti of King Uttanpad had 2 sons Dhruv and Suruchi. Dhruva had gained a lot of fame.

Priyavrat, the second son of Swayambhuv Manu, married Bahishtmati, the daughter of Vishwakarma from whom 10 sons were born, Agnidhra, Yajnabahu, Medhatithi etc. From 2nd wife Priyavrat had 3 sons Uttam, Tamas and Raivat, after whom the Manvantaras are named. Out of the 10 sons of King Priyavrat, the Kavi, Mahavir and Savan were the three Brahmacharis (celibate) and took up Sannyas Dharma.

King Manune ruled this Saptadvipavati Earth for many days. People were very happy in his kingdom. It was he who created 'Manu Smriti', which is not found in original form today. Its meaning has been in vain. In that period varna meant color and today caste.

When King Manu aspired to salvation while taking care of his people (praja), he handed over the entire kingdom to his elder son Uttanpad and went to the Naimisharanya shrine with his wife Shatrupa in solitude, but his second son King Priyavrat was more famous than Uttanpad. Manu and Shatrupa performed penance for 100 years on the banks of the Sunanda River. Both husband and wife also did penance for a long time on the banks of Gomti in a holy shrine called Naimisharanya. The tomb (Samadhi) of both remains at that place.

Priyavrat's Clan :

Agnidhra, the eldest son of King Priyavrat, became the ruler of Jambudweep. The 9 sons of Agnighra are considered to be the masters of the 9 blocks of Jambudweep, whose names are according to their own names which are Elavrut Varsh, Bhadrashav Varsh, Ketumaal Varsh, Kuru Varsh, Hiranyamy Varsh, Ramyak Varsh, Hari Varsh, Kimpurush Varsh and Himalayan to sea land. - Part is called Nabhi Kandh. Both Nabhi and Kuru are said to be in the shape of a bow. Nabhi had a son Rishabh and from Rishabh 'Bharat' and Bahubali were born. Later in the name of Bharat, this Nabhi Khand came to be called 'Bharatvarsh'. When Bahubali attained renunciation (varagya), Rishabh made Bharat the Chakravarti emperor. When Bharata became disinterested (varagya), he handed over his Kingdom to his elder son and went to the forest.

The sages of the era of Swayambhu Manu were Marichi, Atri, Angiras, Pulah, Kritu, Pulastya and Vashishth. The said sages, including King Manu, did the work of making humans civilized, amenable, laborious and cultured.

2. Second Ancient Dynasty :


Kashyap Kul :

Kashyap Kul has many branches. Pippal, Neem, Kadamb, Kardam, Kem, Kane, Bad, Suryavanshi, Chandravanshi, Nag, etc. surnames or gotras are found in Hindu cobbler society. These are come under clan of Marachi. Here, we talk of major branches. Sage Kashyap was the learned son of Marichi and Marichi was son of Brahmaji. Marichi's second son was the sage Atri from whom Atrivansh started. Sage Marichi is the first sage of the list of the first saptarishis of the first manuvantara. He was Daksha's son-in-law and Shankar's brother-in-law. His wife was Dakshakanya (daughter of Daksh) Sambhuti. Marichi had 2 more wives - Kala and Urna. Probably Urna is also called Dharmavrata. In Daksha's yajna, Marichi also insulted Shankar. On this, Shankar had burnt him and turned him into ashes. Marichi taught Dandniti (how to punish) to Bhrigu. Marichi resides on a top (shikhar) of mountain Sumeru and is called Chitrashikhandi in the Mahabharat. Marichi’s son was Kashyap Rishi.

Marichi married a woman named Kala and from him he got a son named Kashyap. Kashyap's mother 'Kala' who was the daughter of Kardam Rishi and sister of Rishi Kapil Dev. According to belief, Kashyap is also known as Arishtanemi. The ashram of the sage Kashyapa which was the original root of Sur and Asurs, was on the summit of Mount Meru. Even today, the caste of Sur and Asur exists in Bharat.

Brahma's grandson Rishi Kashyap married 13 daughters of Brahma's Son Daksha. According to Srimad Bhagwat, Daksh Prajapati married 10 of his 60 daughters with religious rituals, 13 girls married with Rishi Kashyap, 27 girls married with the Moon, 2 girls married with Bhoot, 2 girls married to Angira. Also, 2 girls were married to Kushashva. The remaining 4 girls (Vinita, Kadru, Patangi and Yamini) were married to Tarkshrya Kashyap.

* Kashyap's wives : Thus Rishi Kashyapa's wives became Aditi, Diti, Danu, Kashta, Arishta, Sursa, ila, Muni, Krodhavasha, Tamra, Surabhi, Sursa, Timi, Vinita, Kadru, Patangi and Yamini.

1. Aditi :

According to the Puran’s, Kashyap gave birth to 12 Adityas from the womb of his wife Aditi. It is believed that in the Chakshush Manvantara period 12 superiorities (shreshth gan) called Tushit were born as 12 Adityas, which were as follows - Vivasvan, Aryama, Pusha, Tvashta, Savita, Bhag, Dhata, Vidhata, Varuna, Mitra, Indra and Trivikram (Lord Vaman). From the son of Rishi Kashyap called Vivan Vaivasvat Manu was born. Only sons of Aditi were called Dev and Sur. Their king was Indra.

Vaivaswat Manu had 10 sons - 1. Eil, 2. Ikshvaku, 3. Kushnam, 4. Arisht, 5. Dhrisht, 6. Narishyant, 7. Karush, 8. Mahabali, 9. Sharyati and 10. Pushadh. In the Clan of Ikshvaku the great Tirthankara of Hinduism, God, King, Sage-Mahatma and Creators are born.

Suryavansh was established from Vaivasvat Manu. The ten sons of Manu lived separately and all have interesting life stories. Manu anointed his eldest son Eil on the kingdom and he himself went to the forest for penance. Ikshvaku established his separate kingdom. Lord Ram was born in this family.

Ikshvaku's Dynasty :

Manu's second son Ikshvaku had 3 sons - 1. Kushi, 2. Nimi and 3. Dandak. Ikshvaku's first son Kushi had a son named Vikukshi. Vikukshi had son Baan and Baan's son was Anranya. Anranya had son Prithu and Prithu had son named Trishanku. Trishanku's had son Dhumdhumar. Dhumdhumar's son was Yuvnashv. Yuvnashv son was Mandhat and Manndhat had son called Susandhi. Susandhi had 2 sons - Dhruvsandhi and Prasenjit. Dhruvsandhi's son was Bharat.

In the clan of Kukshi from Bharat there were Sagar, Bhagirath, Raghu, Ambarish, Yayati, Nabhag, Dasharath and Lord Ram. All of the above ruled Ayodhya. Ayodhya was formerly the capital of Bharat, which later became Hastinapur. Ikshvaku's second son Nimi was the king of Mithila. In this Ikshvaku dynasty, after a long time period King Janak was born. King Nimi's guru was Rishi Vashishth. Nimi became the 21st Tirthankara of Jainism.

2. Diti :

Rishi Kashyap gand Diti had two sons named Hiranyakashyap and Hiranyaksh and 1 daughter named Simhaika. According to Srimad Bhagavat, besides these 3 children, 49 other sons of Kashyap were also born from Diti's womb, which is called Marundan. These sons of Kashyapa were childless while Hiranyakashyap had 4 sons - Anuhallad, Hallad, Prahlad and Sanhallad. The sons of Diti were called Datya and Asur. During this time great Virochan and Bali was born. At present, most of the Dalits consider themselves to come from the clan of Diti, which is not correct. Everyone is different.

3. Danu :

From Rishi Kashyap’s wife Danu, Dwimurdha, Shambar, Arisht, Haygreev, Vibhavasu, Arun, Anutapan, Dhumrakesh, Virupaksh, Durjay, Ayomukh, Shamkushira, Kapil, Shankar, Ekachakra, Mahabahu, Tarak, Mahabal, Swabharnu. , Vrushparva, Mahabali Pulom and Viprichiti etc. 61 great sons were born.

4. Other wives :

Rani Kashtha produced a hoofed animal like horses. Gandharv’s were born from wife Arishta. Yatudhan (Rakshash) originated from a queen called Sursa. From Ela trees, creepers, etc. vanaspati were born. Apsaras were born from Muni's womb. From Kashyap’s wife Krodhvasha poisonous animals like snakes, scorpions, poisonous creatures and insects (jantu), etc were born.

Tamra gave birth to predatory birds such as eagles, vultures, etc. Surabhi gave birth to buffalo, cow and two hoofed animals. Queen Sarsa gave birth to violent creatures like tigers etc. Timi produced aquatic animals as her offspring.

The serpents originated from Kadru's womb, the chief of which were 8 nagas (serpents) were- Anant (remaining), Vasuki, Takshak, Karkotak, Padmah, Mahapadmah, Shankh and Kulik. Nagvansh was established from them.

Garud (vehicle of Vishnu) and Varun (charioteer of the Sun) were born from the womb of Tarshaya's wife Vinita. Birds were born from queen Patangi. Shalbho (patango) were born from Yamini's womb. By Brahma's command, Prajapati Kashyap also got married to Puloma and Kalka, two daughters of Vishwanar. From them Povlom and kalkey named 60 thousand Ranveer Danavas were born who were later became known as Nivatakavach.

It is believed that Kashyap Sagar (Caspian Sea) and Kashmir were named after the sage Kashyap. The entire Kashmir was ruled by Rishi Kashyap and his sons. The history of Kashyapa Rishi is believed to be ancient. Lord Shiva's gan’s were ruling around Mount Kailash. There was also an empire of Daksh kings in the said area. There is a need to research the life of Kashyap Rishi.

3. Third Ancient Dynasty :

Atri Dynasty :

Chandra Dynasty (chandravash) started from Atri, the psyche son of Brahma. This is the information of Atrivanshi Yayati clan.

Yayati Kul :

The Atreya dynasty ran from sage Atri. The Atreya clan has several branches. Kindly read the Matsya Puran to know about it in detail. Apart from the branches named Atreya, there is talk of other clans here. From Atri the moon, from the moon came Mercury, from Mercury Pururava (Purvas) was born. According to the Satapath Brahmin, Purvas were also called Ail. Puruvas were married to Urvashi. He got sons named Ayu, Vanayu, Shatayu, Siddhayu, Dadhayu, Ghimant and Amavasu. Amavasu and Vasu were special. Amavasu laid the foundation of a city called Kanyakubj and became the king there. Ayu was married to Prabha, the daughter of Swarbhanu with whom he had 5 sons - Nahush, Kshatravrut (Vridasharma), Rajabha (Gai), Raji, Anena. The first Nahush was married to Virja who had many sons, in which Yayati, Samayati, Ayaati, Ayati and Dhruv were prominent. Yeti and Yayati were beloved among these sons. We will talk about Yeti afterwards. Just now know about Yayati.

The Amavasu ran a separate dynasty consisting of 15 prominent people respectively. Among them were Kushik (Kushcha), Gadhi, Rishi Vishwamitra, Madhuchandas, etc. There is no mention of this dynasty after Nay. In this dynasty, there is mention of an Ajmigadh king, which later expanded this dynasty.

Yayati Prajapati was born in the generation of Brahma. Yayati had relationships with many women so he had many sons, but his 2 wives were Devyani and Sharmistha. Devyani was the daughter of Guru Shukracharya while Sharmishtha was the daughter of the demon king (datyaraj) Vrishparva. The first wife Devayani had 2 sons named Yadu and Turvasu and the second Sharmishtha had Druhu, Puru and Anu. Yayati also had a few daughters, one of whom was named Madhavi.

Yayati had 5 sons - 1. Puru, 2. Yadu, 3. Turvas, 4. Anu and 5. Druhu and are called Panchanand in the Vedas. There was a time when these five sons of Yayati ruled over the entire earth in 7,200 BC, ie 9,200 years ago. The five sons established dynasties in their own names. From Yadu - Yadav, from Turvasu - Yavan, from Druhu - Bhoj, From Anu - Malechh and from Puru - Paurav dynasty were established.

Very Importat Points :

Yayati appointed Turvasu in the southeast direction (from Punjab to Uttar Pradesh in the west), Druhmu in the west, Yadu in the south (present-day Sindh-Gujarat province) and Anu in the north as Mandalik and Puru was given entire earth (bhu mandal) and then Yayati went to the forest. The territory of Yayati's ranged from Hindukush in Afghanistan to Assam and from Kashmir to Kanyakumari.

According to the Mahabharata Adiparv 95, Yadu and Turvashu took place in the 7th generation of Manu (Manu – ila – pururava – ayu – nahush – yayati – yadu - turuvshu). It is also written in Mahabharat Adiparv 75.15-16 that Nabhanedisth was the son of Manu and brother of Ila. Nabhanedisth's father Manu asked him to preach Sukta 61 and 62 of the Rigved Dasam Mandal.

1. Dynasty of Puru :

There were many majestic kings in Puru Dynasty. Bharat and Sudas were among them. In this dynasty, Shantanu had sons out of which one was who were Bhishm. Arjun's son Abhimanyu was born in Puru's lineage. Later in this dynasty, Parikshit was born, whose son was Janmejay.

2. Dynasty of Yadu :

Lord Krishna was in the family of Yadu. Yadu had 4 sons - Sahasrajit, Kroshta, Nal and Ripun. Shatjit was born to Sahasrajit. Shatajit had 3 sons - Mahahay, Venuhay and Haihay. Haihay son was Dharma, Dharman Dharma’s son was Netra, Netra had a child Kundti, Kunti had child called Sohanji, Sohanji had child Mahishman and Mahishman’s son was Bhadrasen.

3. Dynasty of Turvasu :

Bhoj (Yavanas) occurred in the dynasty of Turvasu. Yayati's son was Turvasu's and Turvasu's son was, Vahni, Vahini son was bharg, bharg’s son was bhnuman, Bhanuman’s son was tribhanu, Tribanu son was udarbuddhi karamdha,, Udarbuddhi Karamdham’s son was Marut. Marut was childless, so he had kept Purvanshi Dushyant his son, but Dushyant returned to his own dynasty, wishing for the kingdom.

According to the Mahabharat, Yayati’s son was Turvasu’s and his decedents were Yavas. He was a Kshatriya before, but after leaving the Kshatriya karma he was counted among the Shudras. He was with the Kauravas in the Mahabharat war. Earlier, he was defeated by Nakul and Sahadev at the time of Digvijay.

4. Ancestry of Anu :

Anu is also sometimes called Anava in the Rigved. According to some historians, this clan was located in the Parushini River (Ravi River) area. Later on, the Sauvir, Kaikeya and Madra clan were born from these Anva’s.

Anu's son was Sabhanar, Sambhanar son was Kalanal, Kalanal’s son was to Sunjay, Sunjay son was Puranjay, Puranjay son was Janmejay, Janmejay to Mahashal, Mahashal to Mahamana. Mahamana had 2 sons Ushinar and Titikshu. Ushinar had 5 sons - Nrug, Kumi, Nav, Suvata, Shivi (Aushinar). Out of this, 4 sons of Shivi were Kekay, Madrak, Suvir and Vrusardak. In the Mahabharat period there were 4 districts (4 janpad) named after these four.

5. Druhayu Dynasty :

Druhayu's dynasty included King Gandhar. He lived in the middle of Aryavart. Later the Druhayu’s were driven by Mandhatari, the king of Ikshvaku clan, towards Central Asia. In Puran’s, there is no mention of found after Druhyu’s King Prachatus. It is written about Prachatus that 100 of his sons settled north from Afghanistan and were called 'Malech'.

From Yayati's son Druhyu, Babhru was born. Babhru son was setu, Setu had son called the Arbhad Arbadh had son called Gandhar. Gandhar’s so was Dharm, Dharm had son Dhut, Shut son was Durman and the son of Durman was Pracheta. Pracheta had 100 sons, They became the king of Malech in the north.

* Yadu and Turvus were called slaves. In the case of Yadu and Turvas it was believed that Indra brought them later. The people of the Bharat clan resided on the banks of the river Saraswati Drishdwati and Aapya. The most important clan was that of Bharata. Its ruling class was named Tritsu. Probably the Srujan and the Kreevi clan were also associated with him. The dynasty of Yavan and Malech came from Turvus and Druhyu. In this way, this history is proven that the descendants of Atri, one of the sons of Brahma, established the Judism, Yavani and Parsi religions. Out of these, Christian and Islam religions were born. It is believed that the 12 clan of Yehudis belonged to Druhmu. Although it is a matter of research.

4. Fourth Ancient Dynasty :

Bhrigu Kul :

From the Bhrigu gotra clan's like Bhargav, Chyavan, Aurva, Apanuvan, Jamadagni, Dadhichi etc. started. If we talk about Brahma's psyche son Bhrigu, he was around 9,400 years ago. His elder brother's name was Angira. Atri, Marichi, Daksh, Vasisth, Pulastya, Narad, Kardam, Swayambhuv Manu, Kritu, Pulah, Sanakadi Rishi are his brothers. He was Vishnu's father-in-law (shvasur) and Shiv's brother-in-law (sadhu). Maharishi Bhrigu has also got a place in the Saptarshi Mandal. People of Parsi religion are considered to belong to the clan of Atri, Bhrigu and Angira. Zarathushtra, the founder of the Zoroastrianism, is considered to be a contemporary of the sages like Angira, Bhruspati, etc. of the Rigved. The Zoroastrian scripture is 'Jend Avesta', written in the Avesta language, an archaic (very old) branch of the Rigvedic Sanskrit.

(The son born of Brahma and Saraswati was the sage Saraswat. According to one belief, the son born of Pururava and Saraswati was Saraswan. The origin (root) of all Saraswat Brahmins is the sage Saraswat. According to some, Saraswat Rishi was the son of Dadhichi. Dadhichi's father was a sage (rishi) Bhrigu and Bhrigu's father was Lord Brahma . According to another belief, Indra sent an Apsara named 'Alambusha' to dissolve the penance of Dadhichi. Dadhichi was doing tarpan of Devtas. Seeing the beautiful Apsara there, his semen got angry (ruskhalit). Saraswati river held that semen in her Kukshi and gave birth as a son, which was known as 'Saraswat').

It is believed that Atri people had crossed the Indus and gone to Paras (today's Iran), where they preached Yajna. It was due to Atri's that fire worship started the Parsi religion. When Zarathustra gave this religion a system, the name of this religion became 'Zarathustra' or 'Zorabian religion'.

Maharishi Bhrigu's first wife's name was Khyati, who was daughter of his brother Daksh. This meant Khyati was his niece. Lord Shankar married Daksh's second daughter Sati. From Khyati, Bhrigu got 2 sons, data and vidhata and 1 daughter Lakshmi was born. He married Lakshmi to Lord Vishnu.

Bhrigu's Son Dhata was married to Aayati and had a son called Pran. Pran's son was dhotiman and Dhotiman had son called Vartaman. Vidhata was married to Niti and had Mukand, Mukand had son called Markandey and Markendey had son's called Shri Ved. It is said in the Puran's that from this the Bhrigu dynasty grew. Bhrigu created the Bhrigu Samhita. In the same period his brother Swayambhuv Manu composed Manu Smriti. Bhrigu had other sons like Ushana, Chavan, etc. In the Rig Ved, there are descriptions of many mantras composed by the Bhriguvanshi sages, in which the names of Ven, Somahuti, Sumarshmi, Bhargav, Arvi, etc. are mentioned. Bhargav's have been considered as fire worshipers. Bhrigu was present at the time of Dasharajna war.

The three principal sons of Bhrigu Rishi were Theushana, Shukra (shukracharya) and Chavan. Shukra and his family was destroyed due to their involvement in the side of the demons. Thus Chavan Rishi grew the Bhargav dynasty. The descent of Chavan Rishi in Mahabharat is as follows. Chavan (wife Manukanya Aarushi), Aurva, Aurva to Ruchik, Ruchik to Jamdagni, Jamdagni to Parshuram. Among the sons of Bhrigu Rishi, Chavan Rishi and his family belonged to Anarta country in West Hindustan. Ushanas Shukra belonged to the central part of North Bharat. In this dynasty following people are considered prominent - Ruchik Aurva, Jamdagni, Parshuram, Indrot Shounak, Prachetus and Valmiki. Many people of Valmiki dynasty are also Brahmins and Shudra? It is said that during the Mughal period, the Brahmins who forced were dissolve Janeu and accepted scavenging work of Mughals were called Shudras. The Kshatriyas who were appointed over the Shudras were called Mahattars and later Mahattar name was distorted to Mehatar,

There were also many Brahmins in the Bhargav dynasty, who were Suryavanshi and not Bhargav vanshi. These Brahmins are called 'Kshatriya Brahmins'. It includes the following people, in whose name the dynasty went on. 1. Matsya, 2. Moudgallayan, 3. Sankritya, 4. Gagyavan, 5. Gargaya, 6. Kapi, 7. Maitreya, 8. Vradshcha, 9. Divodas. - (Matsya Purana 149.98.100). The Kshatriya who joined the Bhargav dynasty was Mitrayu, son of Bharatvanshi king Divodas. The descendants of Mitrayu were called Maitreya and they introduced Maitreya Gan. The third Kshatriya origin of the Bhargav's was called Vaitahavya or Yask. The Bhargav dynasty was embellished (gorgeous) only by Yask.

In the Devasur war with the demons (datya), Maharishi Bhrigu's wife, Khyati, who was a stunning (tejasvi) woman with great power (yog shakti), brought alive the dead soldiers of the army of demons (datya), angry with that Lord Vishnu cut her head with his Sudarshan Chakra. Khyati was Shukracharya's mother and Bhrigu's wife. On knowing about the murder of his wife, Maharishi Bhrigu curses Lord Vishnu that you will have to be born again and again from the stomach of a woman. After that Maharishi resurrects (restore a dead person to life) his wife Khyati with his yogic power and comes to the banks of the Ganges and builds the Tamsa River.

For the first time on earth, Maharishi Bhrigu taught how to produce fire. Although some people attribute this to Angira. It was Bhrigu who told that how Fire (Agni) can be ignited and how we can use fire (Agni), hence he is considered a sage born of Agni. Bhrigu also discovered Sanjeevani Vidya. He had discovered the Sanjeevani herb, that is, he had found a way to bring the dead creature alive. Traditionally, this learning was received by his son Shukracharya. Due to being the child of Bhrigu, all the people of his clan are called Bhargav. The Hindu Emperor Hemachandra Vikramaditya was also Bhriguvanshi.

5. Fifth ancient dynasty :

Angira Dynasty :

Angira his wife was Daksh Prajapati's daughter Smriti (according to some she was Shraddha). Angira had 3 prominent sons. Utthya, Samvart and Brahaspati. Their descent is mentioned in the Rigved. There are references to his other sons- Havishyat, Utthya, Brihatkirti, Brihajyoti, Brihadbrahman Brihatmantra; Brihavas and Markandeya. Bhanumati, Raga (Raka), Sini Wali, Archishmati (Havishmati), Mahishmati, Mahamati and Ekaneka (Kuhu) are also mentioned in their 7 girls. People named Jangid Brahmins also belong to this clan.

Rishis Marachi's daughter Surupa, Rishi Kardam's daughter Swarat and daughter of Rishi Manu named Pathya all three were married to Angira Rishi, There were 5 sons born from Surupa's womb named Brahaspati, Gautam, Prabandh, Utthya and Ushir. From the womb of Pathya, these 7 sons were born named Vishnu, Samvart, Vichit, Aayasya, Asij, Dhrigtama and Sudhanwa. From Rishi Utthya Rishi Sharadwan was born, Brihadukathya was son of Vamdev. Maharishi Sudhanwa had 3 sons named Rishi Vibhma, Baj etc. These sages were skilled in putrarathkarma. It is noteworthy that in the Mahabharat period, charioteers were considered as Shudras. Karna's father was a charioteer. In this way, the rise and fall of castes in every era has been on the basis of karma.

Sage Bhraspati :

Angira's sons were called Angiras. The Guru of Devtas is Brahaspati who was son of Angira. Bhrispati is called as Angiravanshi (from clan of Angira / angiras). Brahaspati had 3 brothers Utthya and Samvart Rishi and Atharva who are the doers of Atharva Ved are also Angiras. The Rishi Brihaspati was the most learned son of Maharishi Angira. According to the Adiparv of Mahabharata, Brihaspati is the son of Maharishi Angira and priest of the gods. Brihaspati had a son Kach who learned Sanjivani Vidya from Shukracharya. Devguru (god of Devtas) had wife named Shubha and the other is Tara. 7 girls were born from Shubha - Bhanumati, Raka, Archishmati, Mahamati, Mahishmati, Siniwali and Havishmati. 7 sons and 1 daughter were born to Tara. The third wife of Rishi Brihaspati called Mamta gave birth to two sons named Bhardwaj and Kach. Brihaspati's Adhidevta (ishtdevta / kuldevta/ family god) is Indra and Prayadhidevta (ruling deity) is Brahma.

Bharadwaj was born from Brihaspati (father) and Mamta (mother). The names of the principal sons of Rishi Bhardwaj are - Rujishva, Garg, Nar, Payu, Vasu, Shas, Shirambisht, Shunhotr, Saprath and Suhotra. Rishi Bharadwaj had 2 daughters Ritra and Kashipa. Thus Rishi Bharadwaj had 12 children. Many Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and people of the Dalit community apply Bhardwaj gotra. They all belong to the Bhardwaj clan.

Other Angiras :

There was also a sage named Angiras who is called Ghor Angiras and who is also known as Krishna's Guru. It is said that a branch of Bhrigu dynasty took the form of an independent dynasty called Angiras, so the remaining Bhargav's stopped calling themselves Angiras.

The information about this dynasty established by the sage Angiras is found in the Brahmand, Vayu and Matsya Puran. According to this information, this dynasty was founded by Atharvan Angiras. This lineage was mainly increased by 7 sages, which are respectively :

1. Avasya Angiras (contemporary of Harishchandra), 2. Ushij Angiras and his 3 sons Uchathya, Brihaspati and Samvarth, who were priests of Vaishali of the Karandham, Avikkisht and Marutat Aavikshit kings. 3. Dhirtamas and Bhardwaj, who were sons of Uchthya and Brihaspati respectively. Of these, Bharadwaj Rishi was the regent (rajpurohit) of Kinng Divodas who was king of Kashi. Rishi Dhrigtamas established Gautam Branch in the country of Ang (ang desh) 4. Vamdev - Gautam, 5. Shardwat Gautam, was the husband Ahalya, Ahilya was sister of the Divodas king of Uttar Panchal. 6. Kashivat - Dirgtamas - Aushij, 7. Bharadwaj was a contemporary of the Pushat king of Uttar Panchal.

The family of Angiras's :

There were many sages and kings in the family of Angiras's who practiced the Kulvansha tradition in their name or in whose name, such as Devguru Brihaspati, Atharved Karta Atharvagiras, Mahamanyakuts, Brahmavidya Guru Ghor Angiras Muni of Sri Krishna. Bhartagni named Agnidev, Petheshvargan, Gautama, Vamdev, Gavishtar, Kaushalapati Kaushalya (Nana of Lord Ram), Parthiyaka etc. Parthiv Raj, Vaishal King of Vaishali, Ashvalayan (Branch Promoter), Agnivesh (Vaidya) Pal Muni Pillhoure Mathur (He was provided by Rigved by Ved Vyas), Gaadhiraj, Gargya muni, Madhuravah (Mathurawasi Muni), Shyamayani who taught music (sangeet guru) to Radha, Karirath (Viman Shilpi) Kusidki (byaj khane wale), Dashi (father of Panini Vyakarankarta (grammer)), Patanjali (Panini Ashtadhyaye's Bhashkar), Bindu (creator of Swaymbhu Manu's sarovar (lake)), Bhuysi (promoter (pravartak) of Brahmin tradition of sharing Bhuyasi Dakshina), Maharishi Galv (establisher of Jajpur Glta pilgrimage) Gauraviti (Adipurush of Gaurahe Thakurs), Tandi (Tandav dancer Rudragan who performed tandav in front of Lord Shiv), Tailak (Adipurush of Telang Desh and Tailang Brahmins), Narayani (establisher of Narnaul block (khand)), Swayambhu Manu (Establisher of social composition rules of laws of Manusmriti of primitive (ancient / adimanav) society of Brahmarshi Desh's Emperor Bhramvrat, Pingalnag (Vedic Chand Shashtra originator / promoter), Madri (Madradesh Madanivana's Savitri's (Javyavan) and Pandu Pali Madri's father Ashvagoshrama Vatsayayan (Syajani Auraad of South Country's (Desh) Kamasutra Karta (originator), Handidas (just like Kuber collector of interest and ancestor of Hundiyya Yaksh Huno), Brihaduktha (the philological philosopher of the utterance of the Vedic language), Vadev (Rajpurohit of Janaka) Kartan (yarn spinner), Jattan (weaver), Vishnu Siddh (Khadyatra) (security officer of Kati Kothars), Mudgal (mudgar big gada (weapon)) carrier, Agni jivah (keeping agni mantras on tongue meaning mastery in Agni mantras), Dev Jivah (Jivahagra Dhar (mastery of mantras of indra), Hans Jivah (Jivahagra (mastery) holder of mantras of Prajapita Brahma), Matsya Dagdha (fish roaster), Mukandu Markandeye, Tittiri (Brahmins of Taitareya Branch), Ruksh Jamwant, Shoung (Shungvanshitha Mathur Saigwar Brahmin), Dhirgtama Rishi (those doing penance in Dirgpur Digpir Brij's Badrivan (badri forest)), Havishnu (adipurush (first originator) of the Havasi praja (tribes) of Havasan Africa country), Aayasya Muni (inventor of ore (unclean) ferrous metal), Kittav (was devdoot (messenger of god) who was messenger, letter writer, author producing book), Kanva Rishi (person of Braj of Kanwarrau region and Kanvi caste of Saurashtra), etc. Thousands were born in Angiras clan.

6. Sixth ancient dynasty :

Vashisth Rishi Dynasty :

Many Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and people of the Dalit community apply Vashishth gotra. They all belong to the Vashisth clan. There were many sages in ancient by the name Vashishth. One Vashishth is the son of Brahma, the other was in the period of Ikshvaku, the third was in the reign of King Harishchandra and the fourth was in the reign of King Dileep and the fifth was in the reign of King Dashrath.

The first is called the son of Brahma, the second son of Mitravarun, the third is the son of Agni.

Vashisth's wife's name was Arundhati Devi. Vashishth due to the priesthood (purohatai) of Kamdhenu and Suryavansh he had a quarrel with sage Vishwamitra. Vishwamitra was from the Yayati clan. Vashishth had more than 100 sons.

Complete information about the sage Vashishth working on the post of Rajpurohit of Ayodhya is found in the Vayu, Bhramand and Linga Purana. The names of these sages and gotras are recorded in the Matsya Purana. The principal people in this dynasty were respectively - 1. Devraj, 2. Aapav, 3. Atharvnidhi, 4. Varuni, 5. Shresthbhaj, 6. Suvarchas, 7. Shakti and 8. Maitravaruni. There is also a minor branch, which is named Jatukarna.

7. Seventh Dynasty :

Vishwakarma Dynasty :

The Vishwakarma clan is sometimes related to the Bhrigu clan and elsewhere to the Angira clan. The reason for this is that there have been different Vishwakarma in each clan. There is also a Brahmin society named Vishwakarma in our country, which exists in the name of Vishwakarma society. Jangid Brahmin, Sutar, Suthar and all other craftsmen are proficient in knowledge of construction art and scripture. It is the best society among Brahmins because they are the creators.

The craftsman, Vishwakarma Brahmins were addressed in ancient times with the words Rathkar Vardhaki, Aitab Kavi, Moyavi, Panchal, Rathpati, Suhast Saur, Parasar, etc. At that time, there were no caste distinctions like today's ironworkers, woodworkers, carpenters and goldsmiths. In ancient times, craftsmanship was considered very high and all castes used to do these tasks of society.

The son of the direct Adi Brahma Vishwakarma Tvashta Prajapati was born first and he was proficient in all work.

Prabhas son Vishwakarma, Bhuvan son Vishwakarma and Tvashtaputra Vishwakarma etc. There have been many Vishwakarma. Here we talk of the first Vishwakarma who was the son of Vastudev and Angirasi. The principal 5 sons of Vishwakarma were - Manu, Maay, Tvashta, Shilpi and Daivagya.

8. Eighth ancient dynasty :

Agastya Dynasty :

Sage Agasthya was the brother of Vashishth. The descendants of sage Agastya have been called Agastya Vanshi. Like Rishi Vashishth, he is also the son of Mitravaruni. Some people consider him the son of Brahma. However, he was one of the best 7 disciples of Lord Shankar. He is also counted among the Saptrishis. His wife's name was Lokamudra. Agastya's wife Lokamudra was the daughter of Vidarbharaj Nimi. They are mentioned in the Rig Ved.

It was Sage Agastya who made the treaty between Indra and Maruts. Agastya Rishi made his way to reach South Bharat from the hill of Vidyanchal. Maharishi Agastya drank the whole sea to liberate the gods from the tyranny of the demons. He also stopped the killeing of sages by evil demons called Elval and Vatapi. Sage Agastya is most revered in South Bharat. During his exile, Shri Ram stayed in the ashram of sage Agastya.

The gotras of Agastya dynasty are Karambha (Karanbhav) Kaushalya, Kratuvanshodbhava, Gandharkavan, Paulastya, Paulah, Mayobhuv, Shakat (Karat), Sumedhas. These gotrakar Agastya, Mayobhuva and Mahendra belong to these 3 pravar. Agastya, Pournimas these gotrakar are Agastya, Paran, Pournimas of these 3 Pravars.

9. Ninth ancient dynasty :

Kaushik Dynasty :

Maharishi Vishwamitra is described in the 30th, 33rd and 53rd Suktas in the third division of the Rig Ved. From there, it is known that these Kushik gotrautpan were Kaushik. It is said that these Kaushik people knew the secret of the whole world.

Though Vishwamitra himself was a Kashyap Vanshi, therefore Kaushik or Kushik were also Kashyap Vanshis. We have given the details of Kashyap dynasty above. Kushik was the grandfather of Vishwamitra. Chavan's descendant Ruchik married the daughter of Kushik's son Gaadhi from whom Jamadagni was born. He had son Parashuram.

Prajapati's sons were Kush, Kush's son Kushnabh and Kushnabh's son Raja Gaadhi. Vishwamitra was the son of the same Gaandhi. It is said that Kaushik Rishi was a resident of Kurukshetra.

10. Tenth ancient dynasty :

Bhardwaj Dynasty :

In Bhardwaj gotra will find you in all caste, varna and society. In ancient times, there have been many sages by the name of Bhardwaj. But we are talking about the sixth mandal of the Rig Ved, who has written 765 mantras. Bharadwaj Rishi occupies very high position among the Vedic sages.

Angiravanshi Bharadwaj's father was Bhrispati and mother Mamta. This dynasty will also be called Angira's dynasty due to Brihaspati being the son of Angira. Rishi Bharadwaj composed many texts, among them the Yantra Sarvasva and Viman Shashtra are discussed even today.

Charak Rishi has called Bharadwaja having 'infinite' age. Rishi Bharadwaj was the priest of Kashiraj Divodas. He was also the priest of Pratardhan, son of Divodas. He also performed Yajna of Kshatra, son of Pratardan. At the time of exile, Lord Ram went to his ashram, which was historically a treaty of Treta - Dwapar. By the above evidences, Bharadwaj Rishi has been called an infinite one.

Bharadwaja's father was Devguru Brahaspati and mother Mamata. The names of the principal sons of Rishi Bharadwaj are Rujishva, Garg, Nar, Payu, Vasu, Shas, Shirambith, Shunhotra, Saprath and Suhotra. Bharadwaj had 2 daughters, Ratri and Kashipa. Thus Rishi Bharadwaj had 12 children. Different dynasties went on in everyone's name. Many Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and people of the Dalit community belong partially to the Bharadwaj clan.

11. Eleventh ancient dynasty :

Garg Dynasty :

Many people have gotra as Garg and many people have surname Garg. Everyone is related to Garg Rishi. The descendants of the Vedic sages Garg Angiras and Bharadwaj were the best among the 33 mantras. Gargvanshi people will merge with both Brahmins and Vaishyas (Baniyas). A Garg sage also happened in the Mahabharat period, who was the Acharya of the Yadus who wrote the 'Garg Samhita'.

Looking at the tradition of Brahmin ancestors, Shukla from Garga, Mishra from Gautam, Tiwari or Tripathi dynasty from Shrimukh Shandilya comes to light. There are said to be 13 boys of Garg Rishi who are called Garg Gotriya, Panch Pravariya, Shukla descendants, who were divided into 13 villages. It would be wrong to say that gotra and sage (rishi) are only Brahmins. Dalit society has also been born from all these sages. One of its branches is found in Dalits and the other in Kshatriyas and Vaishyas.

12 Twelfth ancient dynasty :

Gautam Dynasty :

Some people consider Lord Buddh as Gautam Vanshi. However, many Dalit groups also developed in this dynasty, including groups of Brahmins and Kshatriyas. Many Sakyavanshi consider Gautam Buddha as Shakyavanshi which is not correct. Gautam Buddh had initiated (given diksha) the Shakya the most, hence his reputation among the Shakas is high. Vishwamitra and Vashishth contemporary Maharishi Gautam was also the originator of Nyaya Darshan. He is also known as Akshpad Gautam.

Gautam Rishi's wife's name was Ahilya. Everyone will know the story of Shehlaharan of Ahalya, who was tricked by Indra. After this, the sage cursed Ahilya to become a Shilla (rock). When Shri Ram reached Janakpuri with Vishwamitra, taking an avatar in Tretayug, he saw the ashram of Gautam Rishi. At the same time, Ahalya became free from curse by the touch of Lord Ram and became human again.

Gautam Rishi is said to have 6 sons, who were residents of these 6 villages in Bihar - Chanchai, Madhubani, Champa, Champaran, Vidra and Bhatiyari. Apart from this, there are also 6 villages that follow the sub-Gautam i.e. Gautam, which are as follows - Kalidiha, Bahudih, Waleediha, Bhabhayan, Patnade and Kapisa. The origin of Sub-Gautam is believed to be from these villages. The descendants of the Gautam sages had expanded their lineage out of Bihar.