PUNDRA

Pundra were ancient people and Janapada known to Panini and mentioned in Mahabharat / Ramayan. Pundra was an ancient kingdom during the Late Vedic period on the Indian Subcontinent, based in modern-day West Bengal and Bangladesh. The capital of Pundra Kingdom was Pundranagara, which is identified with Mahasthangarh.

Variants of name :

Paundra

Pundra

Pundraka

Paundraya

Nivriti

Pavana

Pundradesha

Pundranagara

Jat clans :

Pundir

Mention by Panini :

Paundraka is mentioned by Panini in Ashtadhyayi.

History :

V. S. Agrawala writes that Panini refers to Nagara (IV.2.142), e.g. Mahanagar and Navanagar as names of towns 'not in the north' but in the east. Mahanagar is to be identified with Mahasthan, the capital of north Bengal or Pundra and Navanagar with the Navadvip, the capital of west Bengal or Vanga. In between Mahanagar and Navanagar lay Gaudpur (VI.2.100), modern Gauda, an important town in route from Champa to Mahasthan and an important centre of guda manufacturing in the Pundra Country.

V S Agarwal writes that Panini takes Bhakti to denote loyalty of the citizen to the State either a kingdom or a republic. The Kashika mentions, as examples of this kind of Bhakti or loyalty, 1. Angak, 2. Vangak, 3. Sauhmak, 4. Paundrak, 5. Madrak, 6. Vrijik.

Pundra - Mentioned in Geography of Mahabharat (VI.10.56). The Mahabharata Tribe - Pundra may be identified with Jat Gotra - Pundir.

In Ramayan :

Kishkindha Kanda Sarga mentions that Sugreeva commissioning Vanara Vinata to search Sita, explains the topography and geography of Eastern side of the Jambu Dwipa.

"Search shall be conducted at the riversides of heartening rivers like River Bhagirathi, another name for River Ganga, and River Sarayu, like that at River Kaushiki, and at the pleasing surrounds of River Yamuna, and on Mt. Kalinda, as well at River Saraswati, River Sindhu and at the river whose waters are lustrous like gems, namely River Shona, and further at River Mahi and River Kalamahi which rivers are brightened by mountains and forests surrounding them. And the kingdoms like Brahmamala, Videha, Malva, Kashi, and Kosala, and in Magadha, which kingdom has grand villages, and in that way, also in the kingdoms of Pundra and Anga, and in the countries of the kings called Koshakar, and in the provinces of silver mines search is to be conducted.

Kishkindh Kand Sarga describes The Empire of Holy Vanaras to the South. Sugreeva sends Vanara-s to southward which troop includes Hanuman, Jambavanta, Nila and others and Angad is its leader. Sugreev gives a vivid picture of the southern side of Jambu Dvip up to the south-most part of passable regions.

"Like that Vanga, Kaling territories shall be searched along with Kaushik territories available on their fringes, then cast about the Dandak forest all over its mountains, rivers, and its caves, then River Godavari that courses through Dandak forest, and then the provinces of Andhra, Pundra, Chola, Pandya, Kerala are to be searched thoroughly.

In Mahabharat :

Mahabharata mentions in following verses :

Paundra (I.61.41), (1.67)

Paundrak (I.177.12), (I.188), (II.13.19)

Pundra (II.13.19), (II.27.20),(II.31.11),(II.48.15),(III.48.18),(VI.10.49), (VI.10.56), (VI.46.49), (VIII.17.2)

Pundrak (II.48.17)

Pundravish (VI.52.9)

Adi Parv, Mahabharata / Book I Chapter 61 mentions the Genealogy of the Danavs, Asurs, Kauravs, Pandavs, Gandharvs, Apsaras, Rakshashs. Paundra is mentioned in verse (I.61.41). That best of Asuras who was known by the name of Bali became on earth the monarch Paundra Matsyaka.

Adi Parv, Mahabharata / Book I Chapter 177 mentions the Kshatriyas who came on Swayamvar of Draupadi. Paundrak is mentioned in verse (I.177.12). Paundrak, Vasudev, Bhagadatt endued with great energy, Kaling, Tamralipt, the king of Pattan.

Sabha Parv, Mahabharat / Book II Chapter 13 mentions the Tribes fled out of fear of Jarasandh. Pundra and Paundrakis mentioned in verse (II.13.19). That king of Vang, Pundra and the Kirats, endowed with great strength, and who is known on earth by the names of Paundrak and Vasudev hath also espoused the side of Jarasandh.

Sabh Parv, Mahabharat / Book II Chapter 27 mentions mentions the countries subjugated by Bhimsen. Paundra is mentioned in verse (II.27.20). [10]....And the Pandav then, O king, subjugated in battle those strong and brave heroes of fierce prowess, viz., the heroic and mighty Vasudev, the king of Pundra and king Mahaujah who reigned in Kausika-kachchh, and then attacked the king of Vang.

Sabh Parv, Mahabharata / Book II Chapter 31 mentions the Kshatriyas who brought tributes on Rajasuya sacrifice of Yudhisthir. (II.31.11) and king Vrihadval; and Vasudev the king of the Paundraks, and the kings of Vang and Kaling; and Akarsh and Kuntal and the kings of the Malavas and the Andhrakas.

Sabha Parv, Mahabharat / Book II Chapter 48 describes Kings who presented tributes to Yudhishthir. Pundra is mentioned in verse (II.48.15) the Paundraks, the Kukkuras, the Sakas, the Angs, the Vangs, the Pundras, the Sanavatyas, and the Gayas.

Sabha Parv, Mahabharat / Book II Chapter 48 describes Kings who presented tributes to Yudhishthir. Pundrak is mentioned in verse (II.48.17) And the Vangs, the Kalings, the Magadhs, the Tamralipts, the Pundraks, the Dukuls, the Sagaraks, the Patrorns, the Saisavs.

Van Parv, Mahabharat / Book III Chapter 48 describes Rajsuya sacrifice of Yudhisthir attended by the chiefs of many islands and countries. Pundra is mentioned in verse (III.48.18). The Vangas and Angas and Paundras and Odras and Cholas and Dravidas and Andhaks, and the chiefs of many islands and countries on the sea-board.

Bhism Parv, Mahabharat / Book VI Chapter 10 describes geography and provinces of Bharatvarsh. Pundra is mentioned in verse (VI.10.49) and (VI.10.56).

Bhisma Parv, Mahabharat / Book VI Chapter 46 mentions that Pandavs look the war arrangement and wait for battle. Pundra is mentioned in verse (VI.46.49)

Karna Parv / Mahabharat Book VIII Chapter 17 mentions Pundra in verse (VIII.17.2). Many foremost of combatants skilled in elephant-fight, belonging to the Easterners, the Southerners, the Angas, the Vangas, the Pundras, the Magadhs, the Tamraliptakas, the Mekalas, the Koshals, the Madras, the Dasharns, the Nishads uniting with the Kalings.

Bhisma Parv, Mahabharat / Book VI Chapter 52 describes the order of army of the (Kuru) in Mahabharat War. Pundravish is mentioned in (VI.52.9) And the Kananas, the Vikunjas, the Muktas, and the Pundravishas, with Vrihadvala, were stationed on the left wing.

Pundra = Poundra

Vijayendra Kumar Mathur has written… .. Pundra = Poundra (AS , p.562): The region north of the Ganga's main Padma in Bengal was called Pundradesh in ancient times (Imperial Gazetteer of India, P.316). The territory south of the river was called Bang. Some scholars believe that the present Pavan is an ancient pond. This name was actually an identification of the [p.563]: wali tribe in this region. Being the place of origin of these people, this state was called Pundra. In the legend of Poundra Vasudev in the Mahabharat, this rival of Krishna has been described as a resident of Pundradesh. Of BiharThe city named Purnia is also said to be located in Pundradesh and it is believed that the name of this city is the same as Pundra. Vishnu Puran states Pundra region - probably in pre-Gupta period -ruled by Devarakshta king. Pundra related state Pundrangr mentioned Mahasthangdh (District Bogra from Bengal) Mauryan the records that this town Pundrangl stated. Ithas been identified from Mahasthangarh. The Mahasthan (Garh) is probably mentioned by the name of the metropolis in Panini 6,2,89. In the Gupta period, Pundra, under the name Pundra vardhan bhukti Damodarpur - described in Patta inscriptions. The Bukti included many topics. In ancient times this country was famous for woolen clothes and pound or sugarcane. (It is possible that the name 'Ponda' is derived from the name of this country and ultimately it is related to the Pundra caste. It is also known that the relation of 'Gur' is also associated with the country of Gaud). Mahabharat Van Parv is 51,22 in Bang , Ang and Udr with Pundr refer to the country.

Purnia :

Vijayendra Kumar Mathur wrote ..... Purnia, Bihar, (AS, p.575): This district is concerned with the Mahanand and Kosi rivers. In the pre- Buddhist period , the western part of Purnea was included in Anga district and then in Magadha. During the time of Harsha , the kingdom of Gaudadhip Shashank Song was even wide but around 620 AD Harsh defeated Shashank and this region also came under the rule of Kanyakubj . Like other states of Bihar here in the Middle Ages, Pal and Sen. It was a kingdom of kings. In the era of the Mughals, Purnia was included in the frontier of the empire and there was military rule. Purnia name not some scholars Pundr is corruption (see: Pundr ) local lore in Purnia ' placenta is' (lotus) net, which is supposed to be amazing in the first time here hourglass ponds position. Some people also say that Purnia was called in ancient times because of its dense forest or complete aranya. (See Fault-Bihar The Heart of India, p. 121)

Pavan :

President Vijender Kumar Mathur has articles ... dues (AS, Pk549) Ancient Pundr . This was the north-eastern region of Padma, the Ganges mainland in Bengal . The south part of the river was called Vang.

Vanprast :

President Vijender Kumar Mathur has articles ... retirement (AS, Pk502): Pundr the eastern part. Gaud also had a name called Nivriti.

Jat history :

Dalip Singh Ahlawat writes : Vidarbh was ruled by Yaduvanshi Shashibindu. It was the Chakravarti emperor who happened to be in the seventh generation from Yadu in the branch of Karokshatri, son of Yadu (see lineage). These dynasties and territories are mentioned in Ramayan and Mahabharat which are as follows -

Sugriv ordered the monkey army to go to the above mentioned countries to search for Sita.

In the east direction - Videh (Va . Kishkindha Kand Canto 40).

South - Vidarbh, Vang, Pundr, Chola and Pandyvanshi City Kings (Tanjore). (Canto 41).
In the north - southern Kudesh (around Kurukshetra) and northern Kuru (in present-day Siberia). (Cant 43)

Digvijay of the Mahabharat Samparv Pandavas - In the north direction Arjun conquered the Chola country (Chapter 27) and the North Kurudesh (Chapter 28) along with many countries. In the past Bhimsen conquered Videh (Mithila) (Chapter 29) and Pandara-Pundrak and Vang countries (Chapter 30). In the south direction, Sahadeva conquered the Pandya King. (Chapter 31).

Source :

https://www.jatland.com/home/Pundra