MAP OF BHARAT
changing map of India from 1 AD to the 20th century :
were fought, territories were drawn and re-drawn. An amateur historian
has caught these shifts in a series of maps.
history is speckled with the ruins of empires. Kingdoms have periodically
risen here, expanded and fallen, reshaping with them the region’s
culture and identity.
historian Thomas Lessman, who has been researching world history
for over 20 years, has created a series of maps of India showing
these shifts from 1 AD till the rule of the Delhi Sultanate. On
his website Lessman says he “became frustrated while researching
history because it's hard to find great maps. The best maps are
in books that cost more than I make in a week... So I realised if
I want free World History Maps, I’d have to make them myself”.
maps provide a vivid history tour. They start from the time the
Sakas or Indo-Scythians firmly established their presence in India.
The Indo-Parthian and Indo-Synthian era: 1 AD
Indo-Greeks ruled India for over two centuries, during which time
the fusion of Indian and Hellenistic influences flourished. This
map shows the Indo-Parthian rule and the Indo-Synthian kingdom.
The Indo-Scythians were descendents of the Scythians who had migrated
from southern Siberia and displaced the Indo-Greeks.
Kushan Empire: 100 AD
Kushan Empire was founded under Kujula Kadphises but it was under
his grandson, the Buddhist emperor Kanishka, that it reached its
peak. Kanishka expanded the kingdom till as far as Varanasi and
captured areas in present-day China.
Gupta and Huna Empire – 400 - 500 AD
was the period of the domination of the Gupta Empire, referred to
by some as the Golden Age of India. During this time, literature,
art, astronomy and math flourished in the region and much of the
subcontinent was unified under one kingdom. The Huna Empire extended
from parts of eastern Iran to northwestern India. This proximity
is the reason why, some believe, the Huna tribe finds a mention
in the Mahabharat.
the collapse of the Gupta Empire, a minor line of the clan ruled
in Magadha. Down south, the Kalabhras kingdom crumbled.
Chalukyas ruled southern and central India from the 6th century
to the 12th century. Kannada and Telugu literature thrived in this
era, as did Chalukyan architecture. In the north, the Chachas dynasty
began ruling over Sindh by 700 AD.
Gurjar-Pratihara dynasty, in 900 AD, spread its kingdom from Rajasthan
to the east in India. Meanwhile, the Deccan was under the Rashtrakuta
Ghaznavid Empire gradually moved in and conquered India and later
the Delhi Sultanate, a Delhi-based Muslim kingdom that stretched
over large parts of India from 1206–1526, the fall of which
eventually led to the Mughal rule in the country.
1500 AD, the Rajput states had established their presence. The Vijayanagar
Empire in the south was still strong.