literally in Sanskrut means "seal". It is a symbolic
or ritual gesture practised from ancient times in Hinduism and
Buddhism. Mudras involve the entire body and are performed with
both hands and fingers. Mudra is considered to be the energetic
"seal of authenticity" which is employed in the spiritual
practice of Indian religions. Mudras involve the entire body and
are performed with both hands and fingers. Reference of Mudra
is found in the Eastern philosophies and it is the culture and
Yogic practice. Mudra is also rightly defined as mystic hand gestures
used to focus subtle energy through symbols.
concept of Mudra depends on the ten fingers of both hands in a
human body. Each finger is associated with certain energy and
meaning. The correct usage of the fingers gives the Mudra the
potency to heal. The fingers are said to possess the five elements
of as human body- fire, air, water, earth and sky that are present
in fixed proportions and even the slightest imbalance of any of
these can be disastrous. However, striking the balance among these
elements is not easy. Thus practise of Mudra help to harmonise
the five elements in the human body.
detailed study of the fingers and their association with the five
elements reveals that the thumb represents the element earth,
the stomach and worry. The index finger constitutes the element
metal and influences the lungs, the large intestine as well as
control the emotions such as depression, sadness and grief. The
middle finger is the element fire associated with the heart, small
intestine, circulatory and respiratory systems, and the emotions
are impatience and hastiness. The ring finger constitutes the
element wood and is connected to the liver, gall bladder, and
nervous system, and corresponds to anger. The little finger corresponds
to water, the kidneys, and fear.
addition to that, the fingers are also connected to profound meaning
in astrology and palmistry. The little finger is Mercury and relates
to communication. This finger is associated with the second chakra.
The ring finger is associated to Apollo, the Sun God and refers
to relationships and is the root chakra. The middle finger is
the finger related to Saturn. It refers to responsibility and
is associated with the throat chakra, the gateway of purity. Index
finger is constituted with Jupiter. It refers to self-worth and
is associated with the heart chakra. Finally the thumb is connected
to Mars. It refers to self-assertion and is associated with the
of Mudra is quite ancient. According to mythology Lord Shiv is
considered to have initiated the basic Mudras. The practise of
Mudra is prevalent in all over the world. It is found in every
form and is used in religion, dance, art, and even in Tantra.
The significance of Mudra is both exoteric and esoteric. Mudra
is also a useful identification of the Buddh, Bodhisattvas and
Vigyan or the science of finger postures occupies a prominent
position among the ancient Indian Sciences. The science of Mudra
is quite interesting. In order to harmonise the undercurrents
of the mind, science of Mudra is considered significant. Furthermore,
Mudra Vigyan is the aspect that helps in practising meditation.
Mudras have always been treated as an esoteric science. Thus it
can be said that Mudra Vigyan is a distinct and independent branch
of Yog. In addition to that Mudra Vigyan denotes the five fingers
which are the representation of five tattvas.
main purpose of Mudra is to uplift the human soul and promote
the individual to achieve divine powers. Moreover, Mudras can
keep the body perfectly fit. However, besides providing spiritual
gains, the Mudras are valuable for its therapeutic use also. Constant
researches have brought forth a wide range of Benefits of Mudras.
can be described as psychic, emotional, devotional and aesthetic
gestures or attitudes. Varied types of Mudras are introduced for
different uses. Yogi's have considered Mudras as attitudes of
energy flow and linked them to individual pranic force with universal
or cosmic force.
are a combination of subtle physical movements which alter mood,
attitude and perception, and deepen awareness and concentration.
The term Mudras of universal application is apt. Mudras especially
bring about miraculous changes and improvement in our body. In
addition to that Mudras generate power to provide peace and happiness.
Moreover the practise of Mudra can bring remedies providing instant
relief in mant illness. Mudras in therapeutic use have also gained
prominence. A regular practice of Mudras can cure insomnia, arthritis
and memory loss. Most importantly Mudras help in Kundalini Yog
to awaken the cosmic energy.
of Mudras are many as this science of gesture is used in innumerable
way. Mudra can help in balancing the flow of energy through the
`nadis` that nourish our internal organs. They can also be performed
to achieve specific states of consciousness. In addition to that
mastering this art of gesture can help eliminate negative thoughts
and aid mood elevation. Furthermore, Mudras can be used in meditation
too. Mudra and Meditation can bring a change in the human mind.
Mudras and colour forms a unique combination and stimulates positive
energy in the body, mind and soul of a human being.
is said that Mudras awaken the Kundalini energy. They can be practiced
either before or after other Yog practices such as pranayama or
asanas. Mudras are one of seven practices that yogis employ to
listen to the inner sounds. A wide range of Mudras can be practiced
without any difficulty; especially to aid visualisation of the
sushumna. Many Mudras are normally associated only with the hands
and are used in Indian dancing like the Chit-mudra that denotes
chit or wisdom of the highest consciousness.