Yog has its origin in Vedic Sciences and also in Tantra, infact
all the verses in Ved's are called mantras, it is said that any
person who can chant or sing Ved's can achieve the ultimate salvation
or union with supreme consciousness only by chanting the mantras,
which is the aim Mantra Yog.
is grouping of sound vibrations which effect mental & psychological
plane. Mantra is nothing but a combination or grouping of various
alphabets / "Akshar" as is called in Sanskrut. The combined
effect of sound vibrations on physical plane can be observed, specially
on brain, or on EEG (Electro Encephala Graph) one can see the brain
wave emission patterns affected with Omkar chanting, Gayatri Mantra
chanting. A alpha activity in brain can be seen during the Mantra
Also Mantra affects subconscious mind, it has different impressions
on sub conscious, thinking patterns are affected, negative impressions
can be removed from subconscious such as fear, anger, jealousy etc.
also positive impressions can be programmed in the subconscious.
Practice of Mantra increases concentration, memory, logical thinking.
Mantra Chanting has soothing effect on Nervous System, helps relax
the muscles, can be effectively used to reduce stress and its effects.
MAN + TRA - Mantra is a Sanskrut word made up of two verbs, Man
& Tra which in Sanskrut "Mananat Trayate", just by
chanting one can save himself in the universe that is achieve the
ultimate in this material world.
Mantra Yog is a easiest way to achieve difficult state of Pratyahara,
that is Internalizing the sense oriented mind from external world
and focus on inner consciousness.
Achieving Samadhi (through rotation of consciousness) - When you
chant Mantra, you are repeating the particular combination of words,
which is rotating your awareness around the combination, this particular
repetitive action leads to awakening powerful inner force, if controlled
properly this can lead to ultimate salvation or union with super
consciousness. One can compare example of concentrated sun beams
in Convex lens, the rays / beams can burn a paper if lens is used,
similarly the consciousness / awareness can be made concentrated
and powerful by repetitive chanting of Mantra.
Requirements of Mantra Yog :
- GURU MANTRA
OR IN DREAMS - In Sanskrut texts millions of mantras are there,
so the question is how and what to choose? Guru is the best
judge of the disciple, he knows his disciples inside out. So
guru can select a best suited mantra which will help and evolve
the disciple. Sometimes people see the Mantra in their dreams.
But this is very rare phenomena.
MANTRA OM - If one can't meet his guru, he can select the universal
-NATURE of INDIVIDUAL - The selection of mantras is based on
the nature of individual, his mind, physique and spiritual stage
Gayatri Mantra relate to sympathetic nervous system, so if a person
is aggressive in nature and starts chanting Gayatri, he may start
getting angry early as Gayatri Mantra triggers Sympathetic activities
Mahamrutyunjay - parasympathetic nervous system
Pouranic mantra (Om namah shivay, Hare ram hare krishna, Om namo
Mantras can be classified in 2 catagories :
Tantric Mantras :
This mantras has origin in Tantras, thousands of different
mantras exists and they can be practiced for specific purposes,
such as achieving wealth, health, success, curing specific diseases,
longevity or even for doing bad to someone. But this mantras to
be learnt from Guru and has lot of restrictions. The effects are
also fast for these mantras. These mantras are difficult to learn.
Pouranic Mantras :
This are relatively simple and can be practiced by anyone,
they are easy to learn and helps purify emotions of human mind.
These mantras are safe, slowly the practice of these mantras leads
to ultimate salavation. Total
faith in Mantra - One must have complete faith in the mantra,
without faith even the medicine is useless, so absolute belief
is necessary before practicing mantras.
psychic shape of mantra, an impression of mantra in the subconscious
mind has great significance, one can focus on these during the
chanting of the mantra and increase the effects of mantra or achieve
the results faster. Popular Shree Yantra, Laxmi Yantra are also
associated with related Mantras, it is said that if one focuses
on the yantras, he still can get the same benefits as that of
chanting the mantra.
State of consciousness in Mantra :
and concentrated state of mind - Due to withdrawal from the
material thoughts, distractions, focusing of mind only on Mantra,
mind is relaxed and becomes concentrated. Research shows the
presence of alpha wave / rhythm of brain.
of consciousness around Mantra - Awareness is revolved round
the mantra, its pronunciation, yantra (psychic shape) and its
meaning, which builds up psychic energy which can then be used
for spiritual purposes.
Bhav" - Attitude of unconcerned observer, this particular
attitude is very important as it allows bypassing or witnessing
disturbances arising in the conscious & sub conscious mind.
Thoughts are generally very difficult to negotiate, this approach
of "Sakshi Bhav" allows to overcome this problem.
- Lost awareness
of outside world - When practitioner goes deep in to the meditation
states while chanting mantra, there is absolutely no awareness
about happenings in surrounding environment.
- Only Mantra
awareness remains - Even there is no self, the mantra &
its awareness is present when practitioner reaches higher states.
Methods of Chanting Mantra :
- By chanting a loud which can be heard easily is called "Baikhari"
Advantages of Baikhari Chanting :
- Removes thoughts
- Easy conceptualization of thoughts
- Makes meditation easy
Upanshu (whispering) - Chanting of mantra in low voice, or just
whispering so that only practitioner can understand is called
Advantages of "Upanshu" :
- Long duration chanting (8 to 10 hours)
- Purposeful Mantra repetition (for wealth, health, land, happiness
- Destiny Errors can be corrected with this type of chanting
(Mental) - without chanting a loud or whispering, mantra is repeated
in mind, this type of mantra chanting is difficult and can be learnt
only with practice.
Advantages of Mental Chanting :
- Subtle form of chanting
- Commonly used by advance practitioners
- Leads to higher states of awareness
of Mantra :
On personal level :
- Mantra impacts on mental & psychological plane in a positive
- Removes negative tendencies of mind and re programming the thinking
- Creates potential energy reservoir
- Deeper, subtle & astral spheres
- Impacts on macro cosmos & micro cosmos
- Purification of collective conscious mind
How to practice Mantra Yog :
- One should
have a Mala or Rosary consisting of 108 beads as is significant
in all Tantra & Veda Texts.
Mala for 2 to 3 times daily (increase to even 8 to 10 hours)
or Chant Mantra for at least 11 times.
- Time of
Practice - Morning or evening time.
during Mantra - Breath and Mantra (So ham with breath) One can
chant the Mantra while exhaling or inhaling or both. While breathing
a subtle sound of "So" can be heard and while exhaling
"Ham", which is a repetition of Mantra "So Ham"
on object of faith :
- One should concentrate on following objects during the practice.
- Yantra - psychic symbol of mantra
- Purpose of Mantra on Paper
- Stars in sky
of Mantra Chanting :
of mala :
- Name of GOD, Guru Mantra, in dreams, OM as universal mantra.
- Mala or
rosary - 108 beads + 1 Sumeru (offset bead).
Mala - This is generally used for Mantra from Vedas, where long
duration Mantra Chanting is practiced.
- Guru mantra.
- Purpose of different malas.
- Use middle
finger and thumb only.
Mantra in meditative pose.
- Mala or
rosary not visible to others.
- Jaap Mala
should not be worn.
- Do not
cross sumeru (offset bead).