History of Bharat (Aryavrat) is impossible without the Rajputs
/ Kshatriyas. It is not possible personally for me (Dr. Gaurav
A. Vyas) to include everything about the rich history of Rajput
/ Kshatriya because I am a Bhramin and dont have deep knowledge
of the rich history of Rajput / Kshatriya. I am writing what information
that I came accross and if I have made mistake I sincerly apoligize
to the Rajput / Kshatriya community.
/ Kshatriyas are also famous for a saying called "gau Brahman
pratipal" meaning protector of Cow and Bhramins. Since Vedic
civilization there has been unity and alliance between Rajputs
and Bhramins. Bhramins have given guidance, knowledge and taught
art of war to Rajputs and Rajputs have protected Brahmins.
it was not these Rajput kings than Bharat would had totally been
conquered by Islam and no Aryan would had survived. Bharat owes
a lot to these brave warriors who happily sacrificed their lives
for the nation and their names have been written in golden words
in the book of history forever.
A Rajput (from Sanskrit raja-putra, “son of a king”)
is a member of one of the patrilineal clans of western, central,
northern India and some parts of Pakistan. They claim to be descendants
of ruling Hindu warrior classes of North India. Rajputs rose to
prominence during the 6th to 12th centuries. Until the 20th century,
Rajputs ruled in the “overwhelming majority” of the
princely states of Rajasthan and Surashtra, where the largest
number of princely states were found.
Rajput population and the former Rajput states are found spread
through much of the subcontinent, particularly in north, west
and central India. Populations are found in Rajasthan, Saurashtra,
Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Jammu, Punjab, Uttarakhand,
Madhya Pradesh and Bihar.
are several major subdivisions of Rajputs, known as vansh or vamsha,
the step below the super-division jati. These vansh delineate
claimed descent from various sources, and the Rajput are generally
considered to be divided into three primary vansh: Suryavanshi
denotes descent from the solar deity Surya, Chandravanshi from
the lunar deity Chandra, and Agnivanshi from the fire deity Agni.
Lesser-noted vansh include Udayvanshi, Rajvanshi, and Rishivanshi.
The histories of the various vanshs were later recorded in documents
known as vanshaavaliis.
the vansh division are smaller and smaller subdivisions: kul,
shakh (“branch”), khamp or khanp (“twig”),
and nak (“twig tip”). Marriages within a kul are generally
disallowed (with some flexibility for kul-mates of different gotra
lineages). The kul serves as primary identity for many of the
Rajput clans, and each kul is protected by a family goddess, the
main lineages :
who are descended from the thirty-six royal Kshatriya clans mentioned
in the sacred books, the Puranas, and in the two great Indian
epics, the “Mahabharat” and the “Ramayan”,
are classified into three basic lineages (vanshas or vamshas):
or Raghuvanshies (the clans of the Solar dynasty) :
Descended through Manu, Ikshvaku, Harischandra, Raghu, Dasaratha
or Somavanshies (the clans of the lunar dynasty) :
Descended through Yayati, Deva Nausha, Puru, Yadu, Kuru, Pandu,
Yudhisthira and Krishna.
Yaduvanshi lineage are a major sub-branch of the Chandravanshi
lineage. Lord Krishna was born a Yaduvanshi.
Puruvanshi lineage are a major sub-branch of the Chandravanshi
Rajputs. The Kauravs
and Pandavs of the epic Mahabharata were Puruvanshis.
The Agniculas (the clans of the fire dynasty) :
Descended from Agnipala, Swatcha, Mallan, Gulunsur, Ajpala and
Rishivanshi Rajputs are considered to be progeny of Rishi (saints)
and Kshatriya, also known
as Brahmin(yogis) Kshatriya.
are several theories regarding the origin of the Rishivanshi
Rajputs, According to A. H. Bingley,
Caste, tribes & culture of Rajputs, Ess Ess Publications,
1978 which is also substantiated by the folklore narratives
of Rishivanshi Rajputs, that they are the descendants of the
Rishi Shringa and his wife Shanta. As per the folk traditions,
Shanta was from Raghuvansha clan and was a princess of Raghukul,
therefore, the son of Rishi Shringa and Shanta became a Rishivansha
Kshtriya. Henceforth, 'Sengar' clan of Rajputs which is of 'Shringya'
or its further delineation into 'Sengar', thus, 'Sengar' are
considered to be
Rajput tradition believes that Sengar come from Gautam gotra,
where rishi Gautam who is one of the seven Saptarishi was their
ancestor, therefore, Sengar claim to have Gautam gotra.
Gandhavariya, Hada Chauhan, Shekhawat, Taoni, Shaktawat, Chundawat
and Ujjainiya and,
Bais Rajputs, Banaphar, Bundela, Harihobans, Jaitawat, Jasrotia,
Kinwar, Lohtamia, Mian,
Sodha and Nanwag
of these Vanshas or lineages is divided into several clans (kula),
all of whom claim direct patrilineage from a remote but common
male ancestor who supposedly belonged to that Vansha. Some of
these 36 main clans are further subdivided into shakhas or “branches”,
again based on the same principle of patrilineage.
36 Royal Races (in no particular order) :
or Solar race
or Lunar race
Jádu or Jadon
Gét, or Jat
or Hún *
No longer exist
shakha or basic sub-clan has its individual genealogical creed,
describing the essential peculiarities, religious tenets, and
original domicile of the clan. This creed is a touchstone of traditional
affinities and provides all information governing the laws of
Suryavanshi clans :
title of this clas is derived from the name of a village in the
Lucknow distrcit of U.P called Amethi. They are generally supposed
to be a sept of the Chamar-Gaurs, a tradition which they preserve
by the worship of the Rampi of curruers scraper. The clan is supposed
to have been originally settled at Kalinjar in Bundelkhand, whence
they emigrated into Oudh, under Raipal Singh, about the the time
of Tamerlane (the Turco-Mongol conqueror). The clan is divided
into two branches — the Amethiyas of Kumhrawan in Rai Bareli,
and the Amethiyas of Unsari in Barabanki. Gotra : Bharadwaj
Bais Rajput, (also known as Bhains Rajput in certain regions),
are a powerful and ancient Rajput clan composed of the wealthy,
warriors, entrepreneurs, and zamindar (land owners). The Bais
claim descent from Lakshmana, brother of Rama. The Bais Rajput
are renowned as warriors with the ability to maintain dominion
over their empires. Their reputation was earned by their kings
and landowners that ruled over northern India for and held vast
tracts of land for the clan. Princely states of the Bais were
Oudh, Lucknow, and Sialkot. Gotra : Bharadwaj
most respected and highly distinguished amongst all the Rajput
clans as a rajput can not be a Kshatriya if not a Chattari. The
mother caste of Suryavanshi Rajputs which originated from Rajputana
in Rajasthan. However, there are many Gotras and sub castes in
other major dynasties which emerged from the Chattari lineage.
Chattaris belong to the military and ruling order of the traditional
Vedic-Hindu social system as outlined by the Vedas.
The Suryavanshi Rajputs of Gaur are descendants of the Rajput
Pala Dynasty which ruled ancient Bengal, then known as Gaur. Its
capital was Lakshmanabati, named after the Pala king Lakshman
Pal, under whose patronage the first literary work in Bengali,
“Geet Govindam”, was composed by the Bengali poet
Jayadeva (circa 1200 AD). Some old texts of the British raj refer
to the Pala rajputs as Gour or Gaur Rajputs. Government gazettes
of the British era have references to Gaur Zamindars in Uttar
Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, and Rajasthan. Gotra : Bharadwaj
Kachwaha are a Suryavanshi Rajput clan who ruled a number of kingdoms
and princely states in India such as Dhundhar, Alwar, and Maihar,
while the largest and oldest state was Amber, now part of Jaipur.
The Maharaja of Jaipur is regarded as the head of the extended
Kachwaha clan. There are approximately 71 subclans of the Kachwaha,
including the Rajawat, Shekhawat, Sheobramhpota, Naruka, Nathawat,
Khangarot, and Kumbhani. They claim descent from Kusha, the younger
of the twin sons of Rama. The Kachwaha clan ruled in Jaipur right
up until modern times. The last ruling Maharaja of Jaipur was
Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur (1917-1970). Shortly after India's
independence in 1948, Sawai Man Singh peacefully acceded the state
of Jaipur to the Government of India. He then was appointed the
first Rajpramukh of Rajasthan. Gotra : Gautam
: Jamwai Mata
Rajputs are Suryavanshis and claim descent from Rama a legendary
king of Ayodhya. In Rajputana, their closest cousins are the Kachwaha
and Bargujar Rajputs of Jaipur. They trace their ancestry to the
Ikshvaku dynasty of Northern India (The same clan in which Lord
Rama was born. He, therefore is the ‘kuldevta’(family
deity) of the Hindu Minhas Rajputs). Specifically, they claim
descent from Kusha younger of the twin sons of Rama, hero of the
Ramayana, to whom patrilineal descent from Surya is in turn ascribed.
Rajput is a sub clan of Minhas Rajput. Pakhral Rajputs are the
most dynamic rulers in the history of sub-continent and they deserve
for holding the dinstinction of being the hero of sub-continent.
The founders of the city and state of Jammu and its rulers from
ancient times to 1948 C.E. Ansistors of Pakhral Rajputs are mostly
Hindus, in early 18th and 19th century mostly Pakhral Rajputs
embraced Islam and moved from Jaipur and Rajastan(India) to Kashmir
and Pakistan. Punjab specially the area of Potohar and Azad jammu
Kashmir is the origin of Pakhral Rajputs. Mirpur Azad jamu Kashmir
and the Rawalpindi District mostly named as the area of potohar
is very famous as the area of Pakhral Rajputs. Raja is mostly
used as a title in Pakhral Rajputs which is derived from the word
or Kaundal :
suryavanshi Rajput clan of Chattari lineage in North India that
claims solar origin by direct descent from Sri Rama Chandra of
Raghav (Raghuvanshi) Rajput clan. Their traditional areas of residence
are Rajputana, Trigarta Kingdom (the modern Jalandhar District),
i.e. the areas of residence are mainly in the Indian states of
Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. They are
a branch of Sisodya Rajputs of Rajputana who moved out of Mewar
during the reign of Rana Amar Singh as he accepted the Mughal
Supremacy of Jehangir and settled in Eastern Hills.
Pundir (also spelled Pandeer, Pandir, Pundhir, Pundeer, Poondir
or Poondeer) is a Suryavanshi branch of Rajputs. The word itself
is derived from the Sanskrit word Purandara literally meaning
“the destroyer of forts”. The Pundir Rajputs hold
riyasat in Nahan, Garhwal, Nagaur and Saharanpur where their Kuldevis
are situated. Their shakha is Koolwal and their Kuldevis are Shakumbhri
Devi in Saharanpur and Rajasthan along with Punyakshini Devi in
Garhwal with their gotra being Pulastya and Parashar. Elliot writes
that in the Haridwar region of Uttar Pradesh, where they are most
prominent today, over 1,440 villages are claimed by Pundir Rajputs
with high concentrations in the districts of Dehradun, Saharanpur,
Muzaffarnagar, Aligarh and Etawah. According to the British census
of 1891 the population of the Pundir Rajputs was recorded at approximately
29,000. The Pundir clan has its origins with Raja Pundarik, the
fourth king in line after Kusha. Pundarik is revered as a Rishi
and his temple is situated in Katheugi village of the Kullu district
in the state of Himachal Pradesh. The rishi is depicted as a white
Naga and in the Puranic lore Pundarik is the name of a White Naga
and the legend of Pundarik Rishi also affirms his birth as a Naga
from an earthen pot. Kusha, the second born of Sita and Ram, is
said to have been the progenitor of the Pundirs. Gotra : Pulutsya
Narus of Hoshiarpur District claim that their ancestor was a Suryavanshi
Rajput of Muttra, named Nipal Chand, and descended from Raja Ram
Chand. He was converted in the time of Mahmud of Ghazni and took
the name of Naru Shah. Naru Shah settled at Mau in Jalandhar,
Whence his son, Ratan Pal, founded Phillaur hence founded the
four Naru parganas of Haryana, Bajwara, Sham Chaurasi and Ghorewaha
in Hoshiarpur and that of Bahram in Jullunder. The chief men of
these parganas are still called Rai or Rana. Some kept Brahmans
of the Baadeo got.
The Rathore are a major Rajput clan originally descended from
the Gahadvala Dynasty in Kannauj in Uttar Pradesh. At the time
of the end of the British Raj in 1947 they were rulers in 14 different
princely states in Marwar, Jangladesh, Rajasthan, and Madhya Pradesh.
The largest and oldest among these was Jodhpur, in Marwar and
Bikaner. The Maharaja of Jodhpur is regarded as the head of the
extended Rathore clan of Hindu Rajputs. At the time of Tod's list
in 1820, the Rathore clan had 24 branches, including the Barmera,
Bika, Boola, Champawat, Dangi, Jaitawat, Jaitmallot, Jodha, Khabaria,
Khokhar, Kotaria, Kumpawat, Mahecha, Mertiya, Pokharan, Mohania,
Mopa, Randa, Sagawat, Sihamalot, Sunda, Udawat, Vanar, and Vikramayat.
Gotra : Goutam, Kashyap, Shandilya
: Samved, Yajurved
Sisodias are Suryavanshi Rajputs claiming descent from Lord Rama
through his son Lava. They were known as the Ranas of Mewar, which
was a princely state under the British Raj. The earliest history
of the clan claims that they moved from Lahore to Shiv Desh or
Chitor in 134 AD. They established themselves as rulers of Mewar
in 734 AD, ruling from the fortress of Chittorgarh. They trace
their descent from Bappa Rawal (ruled 734-753), eighth ruler of
the Guhilot Dynasty. Gotra : Kashyap
Chandravanshi clans :
claim their descent from a mythical personage called Raja Vena,
Their earliest settlements were in Rohilkhund, where they were
the dominant race until 1174. It has been suggested that the founder
of the clan was Raja Bairat of Barkhar in the Kheri district,
who is said to have entertained the five Pandawas during their
exile from Hastinapur. The Bachhals of these early times were
an enterprising race, and constructed several canals, of which
traces can be found to the present day. Bachhals are found chiefly
in the Bulandshahar, Muttra, Moradabad, Shahjahanpur, Sitapur,
and Kheri districts of Oudh and North-West provinces.
Bhati Rajputs are a Chandravanshi Rajput clan from the Jaisalmer
region of western Rajasthan. The Maharajas of Jaisalmer trace
their lineage back to Jaitsimha, a ruler of the Bhati Rajput clan.
The major opponents of the Bhati Rajputs were the powerful Rathor
clans of Jodhpur and Bikaner. They used to fight battles for the
possession of forts, waterholes or cattle. Jaisalmer was positioned
strategically and was a halting point along a traditional trade
route traversed by the camel caravans of Indian and Asian merchants.
The route linked India to Central Asia, Egypt, Arabia, Persia,
Africa and the West. Bhati Rajputs were proficient horse riders,
marksman and warriors. Their reign spread to the Punjab, Sindh
and beyond, to Afghanistan. The City of Ghazni was named after
a brave Bhatti warrior. In Lahore, a monument exists to this day,
which is called the Bhati Gate, named so probably because it opens
in the direction of the “Sandal Bar”, an area ruled
by Rai Sandal Khan Bhati Rajput. They earned too much by imposing
the taxes levies on the passing Carvans.they were known as a great
shooter with Gun. Gotra : Atri
Bhangalia clan are the erstwhile rulers of Chota and Burra Bhangal
in Kangra District of Himachal Pradesh.
In the early 10th century, the Chandelas (Chandravanshi lineage)
ruled the fortress-city of Kalinjar. A dynastic struggle (c.912-914
CE) among the Pratiharas provided them with the opportunity to
extend their domain. They captured the strategic fortress of Gwalior
(c.950) under the leadership of Dhanga (ruled 950-1008). Gotra
: Chandatreya (Chandrayan), Sheshdhar, Parashar and Goutam
Chudasama and their collaterals the Raizada are a branch of the
Lunar or Chandravanshi line of Rajputs, who trace their origin
to Lord Krishna. Gotra : Atri
: Mahasati Ansuya
: Shree Ambaji Maa
: Aai Shree Khodiyar Mataji (Matel)
: Lord Shri Krishna
: Sidhdheswar Mahadev
: Durvasa, Datatrey, Chandra
(also known as Jadons) claim to have descended from the Hindu
mythological character Yadu. As the descendents of Yadu, they
are classified as under the Chandravanshi branch of the Rajput
caste hierarchy. However according to The Rajputana gazetteers,
Aphariyas clan of Yaduvanshi Ahirs also claims descent from Jadauns.
Although, they are Yadavs. Jadauns also occupied the forts of
Bijai Garh, built by Pundir Rajputs, at Bayana and Timan Garh
near Karauli. The distance between the two forts is about 50 kilometers.
The Great Fort of Majhola in Moradabad District of Uttar Pradesh
was also built by the Jadauns. Jadons are among the 36 royal clans
of Rajputs, They are of Chandravanshi lineage and Kuldevi of Jadon's
is Kaila devi at Karauli (Rajasthan). Kuldevi : Kaila devi (Karauli)
is the name of a major clan of Yadavs or Chandravanshi Rajputs.
Gotra : Atri
: Mahasati Ansuya
: Shree Momai Mataji (Ambaji Maa from the time of Lord Krishna
called Mahamaya/Yogmaya means Momai Maa)
: Shree Ashapura Mataji (Matano Madh)
: Maa Hinglaj Devi
: Somnath Mahadev(Veraval), Sidhhnath Mahadev(Dwarka)
: Tran Om Somdat, Durvasa, Angira Muni
Jarral are both a Hindu and Muslim Rajput tribe of Jammu and Kashmir
in India and Azad Kashmir and Punjab in Pakistan. This Rajput
tribe belongs to Chandravanshi (Lunar race) lineage. Jarrals are
Aryans. They claim to be descendants of Pandavas of Mahabharata
through prince Arjuna who was a brave hero of Mahabharata. The
grandson of Arjuna was Parikshit after his death his elder son
Janamjaya became Maharaja of Hastinapur his younger brother Prince
Nakashena became the king of Indarprasth and after they got power
they moved to Kalanaur in Punjab. Raja Naka does many marriages
and his tribe was known as Jarral. In 1187 after defeat by Muslim
King Shab-u-Din they lost Kalanaur. Shab-u-Din invited the Jarral
Raja to accept Islam and the Raja accepted Islam but many other
Jarrals did not accept Islam and moved to different parts such
as Jammu, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh. After conversion the Muslim
Jarral become an out caste. The other Rajput rulers broke their
relations with Muslim jarrals after which the Muslim Jarrals became
weak and moved to Rajauri district in Kashmir and defeated Sardar
Amna Pal the king of Rajauri. After this the royal Dynasty of
Muslim Jarrals ruled over Rajauri for 670 years. The Hindu jarrals
also moved to various places in Jammu region in Bhaderwah, Bhalessa
the main families of Hindu Jarral Rajput are found and the Muslim
Jarrals are found in Azad Kashmir, Noweshra and Rajouri-poonch.
But there are majority of Muslims in this caste.
The Katoch clan of the Chandravanshi lineage is considered to
be one of the oldest surviving clan in the world. They first find
mention in the mythological Hindu epic The Mahabharta and the
second mentions in the recorded history of Alexander the Great's
war records. One of the Indian kings who fought Alexander on the
river Beas was a Katoch king Parmanand Chandra famously known
as Porus. In past centuries, they ruled several princely states
in the region. The originator of the clan was Rajanaka Bhumi Chand.
Their famous Maharaja Sansar Chand-II was a great ruler. The ruler
Rajanaka Bhumi Chand Katoch founded the Jwalaji Temple (now in
Himachal Pradesh). Gotra : Kashyap, Shunak
: Nag Devta
Pahore (also known as Pahur or Pahor) are a clan of Chandravanshi
Rajputs. They use Khan or Jam or Malik as title.
The Raijada or Raizada are the descendants of the ruler of Junagadh,
a kingdom in the Saurashtra peninsula. Junagadh was ruled by the
Chudasama Rajputs, who were a branch of the Lunar or Chandravanshi
Soam (also known as Som or Somvanshi) are Chandravanshi Rajputs.
They have descended from Mahabharata. They are the direct descendants
of Som (or Moon). As the name “SOM” indicates, this
community belongs to lunar dynasty. King Dushyant, his son Bharat,
all Pandavas and Kauravas were Somvanshis(Chandravanshi Rajputs).
Gotra : Atri
or Tuvars, or Tanwars, are Chandravanshi Rajputs, and descended
from Mahabharat's great hero, Arjun, through his son Abhimanyu,
and grandson, Parikshat. Chakravarti Samrat (King) Yudhishtra,
founded Indraprastha, present day Delhi. King Anangpal conquered
and re-established the Delhi Kingdom in CE 792 and founded the
city of ‘Dhillika’, (modern Delhi). Besides Delhi,
He covered western U.P. and most of present day Haryana and Punjab.
Tomar's rule lasted until CE 1162 when last Tomar King Anangpal
II appointed Prithviraj Chauhan, his grandson (his daughter's
son), and King of Ajmer- as ‘caretaker’, since his
own sons were very young at that time. According to the accounts
kept by Tomar/Tanwar ‘Jagas’, King Anangpal Tomar
appointed Prithviraj Chauhan as caretaker only when he went on
a religious pilgrimage. It is also said by Tanwar ‘Jagas’
that when King Anangpal returned, Prithviraj refused to hand over
the kingdom to him. Jagas are a caste in Rajasthan who are hereditary
keepers of genealogical records of Rajputs. Gotra : Gargya
Agnivanshi clans :
bhaal gotra of rajputs belong to Garhmukteshwar Bulandshar Siyana
Aligarh and many parts of Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.There are
62 villages in Garhmukteshwar and Siyana tehseel.In these villages
various gotras of Rajput/Chauhans are lived and married in different
gotras of rajput clans.Mainly all rajput gotra of this area called
Chauhan and this palace called Chauhanpuri.The gotras are mostly
Vats Gahlot Bhaal Kuchawah Kemlaksha Bhati Parihar Tomar and many
The Chauhan (also known as Nirban) are of Agnivanshi lineage.
Their state was initially centered around Khetri, Khandela, Alsisar
Malsisar, Srimadhopur, Alwar, Jhunjhunu, Sikar and Churu. According
to legend and clan history, the Nirwan or Nirban are with Maharana
Pratap against Akbar in Haldighati Battle. Nirban's have many
gotras, most of these gotras are Baloji, Pithoraji, Kaluji. Another
clam using the same name originated as feudatories of the Pratiharas
and rose to power in the wake of the decline of that power. Their
state was initially centered around Sambhar in present-day Rajasthan.
In the 11th century, they founded the city of Ajmer which became
their capital. In the 12th century, their the then King Prithviraj
Chauhan acquired Delhi from his maternal grand father, the then
King Anangpal. Their most famous ruler was Prithviraj Chauhan,
who won the First Battle of Tarain against an invading Muslim
army but lost the Second Battle of Tarain the following year.
This loss heralded a prolonged period of Muslim rule over northern
India. Gotra : Vatsa
: Ashapura Mata
: Shri Krishna
Dodiya/Dodia are Agnivanshi Rajput, one of the most celebrated
Chauhan branches and according to their traditions, they were
based in and around Multan in Punjab (now in Pakistan) during
12th and 13th centuries, when they built a fort near Multan by
the name of Rohtashgarh. In the 14th century the Dodiya Rajputs
migrated to Gujarat and established their kingdom around Girnar
Junagadh. The first rajah of this state was Phul Singh Dodiya,
followed by Rawat Soorsinghji, Rawat Chandrabhansinghji, Rawat
Krishnaji, Rawat Chalotji and Rawat Arjundasji. A small number
of the Dodiya migrated to Mewar accompanying the Rajmata of Mewar
as an escort. The Dodiyas proved their valour in various battles
in the service of Mewar, including the Battle of Haldighati, and
were rewarded with the jagir of Lava (later called Sardargarh).
The Chavda dynasty (Chawda, Chavada, Chapa, Chaparana, Chapokata)
was a Hindu Kshatriya family line that ruled what is now northern
Gujarat from 746 to 942. Gotra : Vashishtha
: Chamunda Mata
Mori clan is one of the 36 royal clans of Rajputs & falls
in 24 eka clans which are not divided further. Mori Rajputs are
sub clan of Parmara Rajputs of Agnivansh. They ruled Chittor &
Malwa till early part of eighth century & built the biggest
fort in India at Chittor in the reign of Chitrangad Mori (Ref:
Archaeological survey of India)). Last king of Mori Dynasty of
Chittor was Maan Singh Mori who fought against Arab invasion.
Qasim attacked Chittor via Mathura. Bappa, of guhilote (Sisodia)
dynasty, was a commander in Mori army. After defeating Bin Qasim,
Bappa Rawal obtained Chittor in dowry from Maan Singh Mori in
734 A.D. Then onwards Chittor is ruled by Sisodia Rajputs.Later
Mori & Parmar Rajputs continued to rule Malwa until Muslim
incursions. Of late they remained as smaller royal states &
jagirdars in the central India in present state of Madhya Pradesh,
presently settled in Dhar, Ujjain, Indore, bhopal, Narsinghpur
The Naga were one of the ancient most kshatriya tribes of India
who evolved from Suryawansha (the Solar Clan of ancient Kshtriyas
of India) and ruled large parts of the country at different times.
They spread throughout India during the period of the epic Mahabharata.
Anthropologist Gelek Lonbsang believes they have distant ancestry
with East Asians based on their similar physical features. The
demi-god tribe called Suparnas (in which Garuda belonged) were
arch-rivals of the Nagas. However, the Nagas near Kashmir seems
to be the original abode of all of them. Places like Anantnag
attests this theory. The worshippers of Naga were supposedly known
as Naga or Nagil. Some Nair and Bunt clans claims to be of Nagvanshi
origin. The trace of nagvanshi can be find out in Chotanagpur
i.e. Jharkhand (Rai) community and (Shahdeo) community are also
Paramaras are Agnivanshi Rajputs that were near-neighbours of
the Solankis. They originated as feudatories of the Rashtrakutas
and rose to power in the 10th century. They ruled Malwa and the
area at the border between present-day Gujarat and Rajasthan.
Bhoja, the celebrated king of Malwa, belonged to this dynasty.
In the 12th century, the Paramaras declined in power due to conflict
with the Solankis and succumbed to attack from the Delhi sultanate
in 1305. Gotra : Vashishtha
: Sinchimaay Mata, Durga in North India, Kali in Ujjain
are an Agnivanshi group descended from the Chalukyas of Karnataka
who ruled much of peninsular India between the 6th and 12th centuries.
In the 10th century, a local branch of the clan established control
over Gujarat and ruled a state centered around the town of Patan.
They went into decline in the 13th century and were displaced
by the Vaghela/Baghela. Gotra : Bhardwaj, Manavya, Parashar
The Gautam Rajput belongs to the Suryavanshi division
of Rajputs, found in the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.
Gautam Rajput have Chamunda mata, Durga mata as their Kuldevi.
Some Gautam Rajputs fought for Sher Shah Suri
(otherwise known as Sher Khan) against Humayun in the 16th century.
Later, some of the community were awarded zamindaris by the
Mughal emperor Jahangir, an example of which was the family
settled in Azamgarh that took the title of Raja from around
1609. By the time of Aurangzeb's reign, the Gautams had gained
enough strength to field armed contingents including artillery,
horse cavalry and elephants and made incursions against the
neighboring zamindars of Gorakhpur. One late 17th-century Gautam
chief from the Azamgarh area, named Bikramajit Singh, converted
to Islam after Aurangzeb threatened that he would otherwise
be executed. His sons and descendants went on to found communities,
establish markets and construct improvements such as a canal
connecting the Tons River with the Kol.
In the case of one Gautam Rajput family, from
Nagar, the decision by the British East India Company to dispossess
them in favour of another landholder was the cause of them joining
in the Indian rebellion of 1857. Prior to that rebellion, some
Gautam communities, in common with other groups that once held
high status and power, were practitioners of female infanticide.
This was in part a result of British policies that led to declining
socio-economic fortunes and thus a reduction in their ability
to construct favourable marriage alliances.
Today, some Gautam Rajputs, who also refer to
themselves as Gautam Thakurs, are Muslim and others are Hindus.
However, their social and religious customs blur the lines that
might usually be expected to exist between different religious
communities in India. Indeed, their common identity as Rajputs
often over-rides their differences in religion and they can
be found participating in each other's customs and rituals.
(sanghar) are a clan of Rajputs.
Garg (Gaargya) :
Garg or Gargya or Gargvanshi Rajputs are a clan of Rajputs
found majorly in Sultanpur, Azamgarh, Faizabad and Basti district
of Uttar Pradesh.
Kanhpuriya are a clan of Rajputs.The name of this clan
is derived from Kanhpur, a village on the road from Salón
to Pratapgarh in Oudh. The clan claims descent from Rao Kanh,
the Kshatriya son of a Brahmin saint called Sachh, who married
a daughter of the Gaharwar Raja Manikchandra. The Kanhpurias belong
to the same wave of Hindu emigration as the Bais, and probably
settled in Oudh about the 13th century, where they became numerous
and powerful. Rao Kanh, as his mother's heir succeeded to the
gadi of Raja Manikchandra, but upon marrying a Bais girl, he abandoned
Manikpur to her relations and founded the village of Kanhpur,
which became the principal seat of the clan. They are considered
to be the second great clan in the Rae Bareli district, and they
are the chief landowners in the Salon tahsil and the western parganas
of Maharajganj. The Kanhpuria clan is only found in Oudh. It had
a male population of 10,000 (1901) and was settled mainly in the
Rae Bareli, Sultanpur, Amethi and Pratapgarh districts.
Ruling Rajput Dynasties of India :
Rajput Hindushahi dynasty (964-1026 AD) :
This dynasty ruled parts of Afghanistan and Punjab. Jayapala was
its first Rajput king who succeeded the last Brahmin king Bhimadeva.
Its last king Bhimpala died in 1024.
dynasty of Ajmer & Delhi :
The Chauhans, ruled between 956 and 1192 AD, earlier over the
eastern parts of the present day's Rajasthan with their capital
at Ajmer and later extended their territory up to parts of modern-day
Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and Delhi. This Rajput dynasty
was founded by Simharaj, who is famously known as the founder
of the city of Ajmer. Prithviraj Chauhan was considered greatest
of all Chauhan rulers. During his reign, the kingdom extended
over Delhi, Ajmer, modern-day Rohilkhand, Kalinjar, Hansi, Kalpi,
Mahoba etc. He conquered Bhatinda (in Punjab) from Ghaznavide
ruler of Punjab and defeated Muhammad of Ghor in the first battle
of Tarain. However, he was defeated in the second battle of Tarain,
The Solankis established their rule over present day's Indian
state of Gujarat between 945 and 1297 AD. Their kingdom came into
prominence during the reign of Mulraj. They ruled with their capital
situated at Anhilwara.
dynasty of Malwa
dynasty of Kannauj :
Conquered Kannauj in 816 AD, which remained its capital for about
a century, declined in 10th century.
Bargujar/Badgurjar dynasty of Rajorgarh :
Conquered Dhudhar in 9000 BC, Rajor remained its capital till
declined in 10th century.
Chandelas of Khajuraho :
This Rajput dynasty was founded by Jayasakthi. They ruled the
areas across Bundelkhand with Khajuraho as their capital. The
dynasty came to an end after Alauddin Khalji conquered Bundelkhand.
of Kannauj: This Rajput dynasty ruled the kingdom of Kannauj for
around a hundred years, beginning in the late 11th century.
dynasty of Kumaon :
Ruled much of Uttarakhand. Jarrals of Kalanaur and Jammu &
Kashmir. Raja Nakashena established the state Kalanaur and became
the first king of Kalanaur, the Jarral dynasty ruled for 750 years.
Katoch dynasty of Kangra :
Ruled much of Himachal Pradesh and parts of Punjab.
Bundelas of Bundelkhand :
Ruled Bundelkhand from 16th century onwards. Tomaras of Delhi
Pathanias of Nurpur :
Ruled from 11the century to 1849 over parts of northern Punjab
and Himachal Pradesh.
of Mewar (Udaipur)
of Marwar (Jodhpur & Bikaner)
of Jhalawar, Kota & Bundi
dynasty of Jammu and Kashmir